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Human and ethnic minority rights in the context of and emerging political culture in Russia
Zassorin, Sergei (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-R6T53WNX This link opens in a new window

Abstract
The political culture appears to be instrumental for understanding regime changes and consolidation processes in post-socialist countries. In a situation of rapid disintegration of most traditional Soviet values and habits, the current Russian political culture cannot but disintegrate and become contradictory. That is why the search for reliable criteria for its evaluation proves to be the cornerstone for the analysis. The author argues that public attitudes toward human rights fully reflect a complicated combination of individualistic and collectivist, self-dependent and paternalistic principles. Human rights also represent a specific arena of ethnopolitical competition. The asymmetrical and multi-ethnic Russian federation is an arena of inefficient ethnic policy and sharp inter-ethnic conflicts. Within this context, attitudes towards the political status of diaspora and ethnic minorities help distinguish between civic and hegemonist patterns of political culture. In its empirical part, the paper presents data from fifteen public opinion polls recently conducted by Russian, Western, or joint teams. The results enable the author to detect some current shifts in attitudes, to trace some long-term tendencies and to draw several general conclusions. The young generation of Russian citizens has been chosen as the subject of a case study as one of the potentially most influential social groups that could predetermine the outcome of the current ideological and political struggles.

Language:English
Keywords:človekove pravice, etnične skupine, etnične manjšine, Rusija, human rights, ethnic group, ethnic minority, Russia
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2000
Number of pages:str. 41-54
Numbering:Vol. 7, no. 1
UDC:342.7
ISSN on article:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:19740253 Link is opened in a new window
Views:405
Downloads:110
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Javnost
Shortened title:Javnost
Publisher:Evropski inštitut za komuniciranje in kulturo
ISSN:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:40119808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Title:Človeške pravice in pravice etničnih manjšin v nastajajoči politični kulturi v Rusiji
Abstract:
Politična kultura je pomembna za razumevanje sprememb političnih režimov in procesov konsolidacije v postsocialističnih družbah. V času hitre dezintgracije večine tradicionalnih sovjetskih vrednot in običajev se lahko tudi politična kultura samo razkraja in postaja protislovna. Zaradi tega je iskanje zanesljivih kriterijev ocenjevanja politične kulture temelj analize. Avtor razkriva, da javna stališča o človekovih pravicah v celoti odražajo zapleteno kombinacijo individualističnih in kolektivističnih, samozadostnih inpaternalističnih načel. Človekove pravice predstavljajo tudi posebno področje etnopolitične konkurence. Asimetrična večnacionalna Ruska federacija je prostor neučinkovite etnične politike in zaostrenih medetničnih konfliktov. V tem okviru igrajo stališča o političnem položaju diaspore in etničnih manjšin pomembno vlogo pri razlikovanju med civilnimi in hegemonističnimi vzorci politične kulture. V empiričnem delu članek prinaša podatke iz petnajst javnomnenjskih glasovanj, ki so jih v zadnjem času izvedle ruske, zahodne ali mešane raziskovalne skupine. Rezultati omogočajo avtorju določiti kratkoročne spremembe in dolgoročne razvojne tendence ter izpeljati nekaj splošnih zaključkov. Raziskovanje je bilo usmerjeno na mlado generacijo ruskih državljanov kot potencialno najvplivnejšo družbeno skupino, ki bo določala rezultate sedanjih ideoloških in političnih bojev.


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