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The invasion of privacy of public officials in early United States jurisdiction
Bučar, Bojko (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-K0E846UF This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Članek obravnava pravico do zasebnosti in njene omejitve v sodni praksi v ZDA. Obravnava nastanek, načela, obseg in omejitve pravice do zasebnosti s posebnim ozirom na javne uslužbence. V primeru javnih uslužbencev je pravica množičnih medijev oz. javnosti do poseganja v zasebnost skoraj neomejena, delno pa je omejena, ko gre za vlado. V ozadju obrazložitev se kaže funkcionalni preskus pravice javnosti do informacij ter racionalnost in razumnost vlade pri poseganju v zasebnost. Kaže, da časovnih omejitev ni. Definicija javnega uslužbenca je dokaj široka in zajema praktično vse posameznike v javni službah oz. tiste, ki jih plačujejo davkoplačevalci. Manj so znane določene omejitve pravice do poseganja v zasebnost javnih uslužbencev. Vlada mora vedno imeti ozke, razumne in racionalne razloge za poseganje v zasebnost, natančno določene v zakonih. Zaščiteno je tudi nekaj, kar spominja na lastninsko pravico. Celo javni uslužbenci imajo pravico do zasebnosti, ko gre za uporabo posameznikovega imena brez njegovega soglasja zadobrodelne ali reklamne namene ali za kandidiranje. Poleg tega je zaščitena njihova pravica do zasebnosti tudi, kadar so ogrožene temeljne moralne vrednote. Ker se moralne vrednote v času spreminjajo, je vedno prepuščeno presoji sodišča, da v luči pomembne pravice javnosti do informacije določi obseg pravice do zasebnosti javnih uslužbencev.

Language:English
Keywords:ZDA, javni interesi, javna uprava, javne službe, zasebnost, človekove pravice, sodna praksa, USA, public interests, public administration, public services, privacy, human rights, legal practice
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2000
Number of pages:Str. 91-106
Numbering:Vol. 7, no. 1
UDC:342.7
ISSN on article:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:19741277 This link opens in a new window
Views:710
Downloads:324
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Javnost
Shortened title:Javnost
Publisher:Evropski inštitut za komuniciranje in kulturo
ISSN:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:40119808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Title:Poseganje v zasebnost javnih uslužbencev v zgodnjih ameriških sodnih odločbah
Abstract:
The article first investigates the origins of the right to privacy, its principles and scope as well as limitations, focusing on the issue of public officials. In the case of public officials the invasion of the right to privacy is virtually unlimited if exercised by the mass media (i.e. the public), yet is somewhat curtailed if exercised by the government. Underneath the reasoning seems to lie the functional test of the right of the public to know and the rationality and reasonableness of the government to prescribe. There seems to be no time limitation to this rule. As to the issue of who is a public official the definition seems to be rather broad and enshrines practically all individuals in public service, in other words those paid by the taxpayers. Less known are however certain limitations of the right to invade privacy of public officials. The government always has to have narrow, reasonable and rational grounds to invade privacy, well provided for by statutes. Protected seems to be also something that comes close to a property right or if basic moral values are jeopardised. However, moral standards change in time. It is always the wisdom of the courts to determine the scope of the right to privacy of public officials, weighing the issue with the paramount right of the public to be informed. The dicta and the holdings of US courts are certainly of relevance for European legislatures, especially in CEECs.


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