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Uporaba prehranskih pojmov v osnovnošolskih učbenikih : diplomsko delo
Šalamun, Amadeja (Author), Kostanjevec, Stojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Erjavšek, Martina (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/3093 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V času obveznega osnovnošolskega izobraževanja, se učenci pri različnih predmetih seznanijo s prehranskimi vsebinami in pojmi. Vključevanje prehranskih vsebin v predmetnik obveznega formalnega izobraževanja otrok in mladostnikov, izboljša njihovo prehransko znanje. Prehransko izobraževanje je pomembno, saj lahko vpliva na prehransko vedênje in oblikovanje posameznikovih prehranjevalnih navad. Namen diplomskega dela je bilo identificirati prehranske pojme, ki se pojavljajo v učnih načrtih obveznih in izbirnih predmetov ter analizirati učbenike teh predmetov, z namenom ugotavljanja skladnosti prehranskih pojmov z učnimi načrti v slovenskem prostoru. Vzorec raziskave je vključeval 6 učnih načrtov obveznih predmetov (Spoznavanje okolja, Naravoslovje in tehnika, Naravoslovje, Gospodinjstvo, Kemija in Biologija), 1 učni načrt za izbirna predmeta Sodobna priprava hrane in Načini prehranjevanja, 71 tiskanih učbenikov obveznih in izbirnih predmetov, 18 digitaliziranih učbenikov in 3 interaktivne učbenike. Uporabljena je bila kvalitativna metoda raziskovanja. Za identifikacijo prehranskih pojmov je bila uporabljena vsebinska analiza dokumentov, ki je zajemala pregled učnih načrtov obveznih in izbirnih predmetov ter učbenikov, ki se uporabljajo v obveznem osnovnošolskem izobraževanju in so odobreni s strani Zavoda RS za šolstvo. Pred vsebinsko analizo je bil oblikovan seznam kategorij, ki so se iskale v dokumentih. Z analizo učbenikov je bilo ugotovljeno, da se prehranski pojmi glede na vzgojno-izobraževalno obdobje nadgrajujejo. Avtorji v učbenikih razlagajo dodatne prehranske pojme, ki v učnem načrtu posameznega predmeta niso omenjeni. Identificirani pojmi dokazujejo, da se učenci v osnovni šoli seznanijo z vsebinami, ki razvijajo prehransko znanje in veščine, ki so potrebne za oblikovanje zdravih prehranjevalnih navad.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehranski pojmi, prehransko izobraževanje, učni načrti, prehranske vsebine pri predmetih, analiza učbenikov
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2015
Publisher:[A. Šalamun]
Number of pages:46 f.
UDC:612.3(075.2)(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:10723145 This link opens in a new window
Views:685
Downloads:147
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Nutrition terms use in primary school textbooks
Abstract:
During compulsory schooling pupils in various subjects familiarize themselves withnutritional content and concepts. Integrating nutrition content in the curriculum of compulsory formal education of children improves their nutritional knowledge. Nutritional education is important because it can affect dietary behavior and help form individual eating habits. The purpose of the thesis was to identify nutritional concepts that appear in the curricula of compulsory and elective subjects and to analyze textbooks of compulsory and elective subjects, where we find nutritional concepts with a purpose of identifying the conformity of nutritional concepts with the curricula of compulsory and elective subjects in Slovenia. The sample consisted of 6 compulsory courses curricula (Understanding the environmental sciences and engineering, sciences, Housekeeping, Chemistry and Biology), 1 curriculum for the elective subject Modern food preparation and eating, 71 printed textbooks for compulsory and elective subjects, 18 d-textbooks and 3 i-textbooks. Qualitative research methods were used in this thesis. Content analysis of documents was usedto identify nutritional purposes, which included the review of the curricula of compulsory and elective courses and textbooks used in compulsory primary education and are approved by the National Education Institute. Analysis of the textbooksshowed that the nutritional concepts, with regard to the educational period, were upgraded. Authors of textbooks mention and explain additional nutritional concepts, which are not mentioned in the syllabus of each course. The identified concepts show that pupils in primary schools are familiarizedwith the contents that develop nutritional knowledge and skills needed to create healthy eating habits.

Keywords:nutritional education

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