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Priprava problemsko oblikovanih učnih gradiv za pouk pri predmetu računalništvo v drugem triletju : diplomsko delo
Luštek, Anja (Author), Nančovska Šerbec, Irena (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Žerovnik, Alenka (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/3056 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Sodobni osnovnošolski kurikuli za računalništvo poudarjajo, da je pomembno pri učencih razvijati način razmišljanja, s katerim uspešno rešujejo probleme. Takemu načinu razmišljanja rečemo računalniško razmišljanje. Računalniško razmišljanje je temeljna veščina za vsakogar, ne samo za učence, ki se učijo računalništvo. V teoretičnem delu diplomske naloge smo opisali, kaj je problemsko učenje, na kakšen način poteka, kako ga opredeljujejo različne teorije učenja in kakšna je njegova vloga pri razvijanju računalniškega razmišljanja pri učencih. V empiričnem delu smo oblikovali problemsko zasnovane aktivnosti, ki jih bodo učitelji lahko uporabili pri poučevanju predmeta računalništvo. Aktivnosti pokrivajo zadane učne cilje iz sklopa Programi v Učnem načrtu za neobvezni izbirni predmet računalništvo. Pri tem smo izdelali naloge, ki smo jih uporabili pri izvedbi učne ure. Učna ura je bila izvedena pri računalniškem krožku v tretjem razredu osnovne šole. Udeleženih je bilo devet učencev. Med reševanjem nalog je potekalo opazovanje (pilotiranje). Opazovali smo, če so učenci imeli med reševanjem nalog težave z razumevanjem. Osredotočili smo se na razumevanje navodil in razumevanje nalog kot celote, ali so učenci razumeli podane ukaze in med reševanjem usvojili zastavljene učne cilje. Povratne informacije smo pridobili z metodo nestandardiziranega vprašalnika. Tovrstnih gradiv na tem področju še ni bilo izdelanih, saj se predmet izvaja šele eno leto. Pripravljene aktivnosti bodo lahko uporabljali učitelji, ki se na novo soočajo z neobveznim izbirnim predmetom računalništvo v drugem triletju osnovne šole ali znotraj interesnih dejavnosti z namenom, da bi razvijali računalniško razmišljanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:problemski pouk, računalniško razmišljanje, problemski pouk pri predmetu računalništvo
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2015
Publisher:[A. Luštek]
Number of pages:72 str., [2] str. pril.
UDC:004.4:373.3(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:10712393 Link is opened in a new window
Views:884
Downloads:175
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Development of problem-based learning materials for computer science in the second three-year cycle of primary school
Abstract:
Modern primary school curricula for Computer Science accent that is important for pupils to develop a way of thinking which help them at solving problems. Such way of thinking we say computational thinking. Computational thinking is a fundamental skill for everyone, not just for students who are learning computing. In the theoretical part of diploma thesis we presented what problem-solved learning is, how it takes place and how to define different theories of learning. In the empirical part, we formed problem-based assignments that teachers can use at Computer Science courses. The tasks contain course objectives of assembly Programs from the curriculum for the optional elective subject Computer Science. Prepared assignments were used in carrying out lessons. The lesson was conducted in the third grade of elementary school. The activities attended nine students. Observation was conducted during the solving of assignments. We observed when students had trouble with understanding while solving tasks. We have focused on understanding the instructions and functions as a whole, and if students understood the given commands and if during solving them they mastered the learning objectives. The feedback was obtained with the method of non-standardized questionnaire. Such material in this area has not yet been made, because the subject has been performed for only one year. Prepared activities could be used by teachers who are faced with a new optional computer course in the second three-year cycle of primary school or within extracurricular activities to develop computational thinking.

Keywords:problem-based learning

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