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Prečni objekti na hudournikih : diplomska naloga
Zalokar, Matjaž (Author), Rusjan, Simon (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Sodnik, Jošt (Co-mentor), Žagar, Dušan (Thesis defence commission member)

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Abstract
Slovenijo gradi izjemna pokrajinska pestrost. Veliki nakloni in neenakomerna porazdelitev padavin sta glavna razloga za erozijska in hudourniška območja. Razmerja med minimalnimi in maksimalnimi pretoki vodotokov kažejo na hudourniški značaj. Za varstvo pred škodnim vplivom hudourniških voda se v Sloveniji uporabljajo različni prečni objekti, za katere ne obstaja celovita in enotna klasifikacija, prav tako še ni izdelan kataster s pregledom vseh objektov. V diplomski nalogi je opravljen pregled prečnih objektov na hudournikih z vidika namembnosti, konstrukcijskega materiala ter primerov uporabe v Sloveniji. Najprej so opisane značilnosti in razlogi za pojav hudourniških voda v Sloveniji. Nadalje so predstavljene prednosti in slabosti posameznih tipov prečnih objektov ter morebitne izboljšave, ki jih najdemo v literaturi. Predstavljeni so pristopi k analizi delovanja prečnih objektov z enačbami za enostaven preračun hidravlike. V zadnjem delu je opisano še stanje hudourničarske dejavnosti na slovenskem in rešitve oz. predlogi za izboljšanje ustreznega varstva pred hudourniškimi pojavi ter erozijskimi procesi. Diplomsko delo bo lahko uporabljeno kot osnova, za izoblikovanje klasifikacije hudourniških prečnih objektov v Sloveniji. Sistematičen pregled delovanja prečnih objektov in preventivnih ukrepov oz. izboljšav v hudournikih je mogoče uporabiti za izboljšanje varstva pred hudourniškimi poplavami.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gradbeništvo, diplomska naloga, UNI, VOI, hudournik, urejanje hudournikov, prečni objekti, hudourniške pregrade, pregradno inženirstvo, drobirski tok
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2015
Publisher:[M. Zalokar]
Number of pages:XX, 68 str.
Place:Ljubljana
COBISS.SI-ID:7207777 Link is opened in a new window
Views:632
Downloads:280
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Control structures in torrential streams
Abstract:
Slovenian landscape is exceptionally diverse. Steep slopes and uneven rainfall distribution cause areas of erosion and torrents. Ratios between minimum and maximum flow of streams indicate torrential characteristics. Different transverse structures were being used in Slovenia to control the torrential waters damage; however there is no unified classification of such structures. A review of transverse (control) structures in torrential streams with focus on function, construction materials and examples of use in Slovenia was made. In first part, the hydrological and hydraulic characteristics of torrents in Slovenia are presented. After, we present different types of control structures with their strengths and weaknesses and possibilities for improvements found in literature. Also an analysis of functioning of transverse structures has been made with added equations for simplified hydraulic analysis. In the final part there is a description of current state on torrential activities in Slovenia and solutions i.e. guidelines for improved safety from torrential occurrences and erosion processes. The thesis of transverse structures on torrents can be used as a foundation for future development of classification of torrential barriers in Slovenia. Systematic overview of preventive measures and improvements can be used to reduce the risk of torrential damage.

Keywords:graduation thesis, torrent, torrent control, control structures, torrential barrier, dam engineering, debris flow

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