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Geokemična in mineraloška karakterizacija vrtine iz visokega barja Šijec : diplomsko delo
Horvat, Jurij (Author), Šmuc, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Dolenec, Matej (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Z analizo barjanskih sedimentnih vzorcev iz barja Šijec, ki so bili odvzeti iz 7 m globoke vrtine, smo poskušali ugotoviti mineralno sestavo anorganskega materiala, njegov izvor ter tip sedimentacije, ki je potekal za časa odlaganja analiziranega odseka. V ta namen sem pripravili 37 vzorcev. Analizirani vzorci izhajajo iz globine 588-711 cm in predstavljajo odsek, v katerem delež anorganskega materiala močno naraste. Zgornja polovica vzorcev je bila sežgana, na drugi polovici vzorcev pa smo skupaj s pepelom iz prve polovice opravili še rentgenske analize. Rezultati žganja kažejo, da po naglem začetnem povišanju organskega deleža, ta z globino vztrajno upada, in to vse do količinske prevlade anorganske komponente, ki se dovrši pri zadnjih dveh žganih vzorcih iz globine 648 in 652 cm. Iz rezultatov rentgenskih analiz je razvidno, da v vzorcih prevladuje kremen, vsebujejo pa še glinene minerale, sljude, plagioklaze in karbonatne minerale, ki se pojavijo v vzorcih iz globlje polovice analiziranega intervala. Na podlagi rezultatov žganja sklepam, da predstavlja analiziran odsek prehod iz pretežno minerogene (jezerske) sedimentacije v organsko sedimentacijo, značilno za barja. Pri primerjavi mineralne sestave vzorcev iz analiziranega segmenta vrtine s sestavo okolnih kamnin sem ugotovil, da se večina anorganskega materiala pojavi v neposredni okolici barja in tako vir za večino jezerskega materiala predstavljajo kamnine iz povodja barja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Pokljuka, Šijec, barjanski sedimenti, vrtine, visoko barje, rentgenske analize, žganje
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Year:2015
Publisher:[J. Horvat]
Number of pages:VII, 64 str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:55
COBISS.SI-ID:1208158 This link opens in a new window
Views:891
Downloads:335
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:geochemical and mineralogical characterization of borehole from bog Šijec
Abstract:
deep borehole core, we tried to determine the mineral composition, origin of the material and the type of sedimentation that took place during the deposition of the analyzed section. To this purpose i prepared 37 core samples. The analyzed samples were taken from a depth of 588 to 711 cm and represent the section with the steep increase in the amount of inorganic material. In order to determine the proportion of loss on ignition the upper half of the samples had to be burned. After that we subjected the ashes, together with the lower half of the samples to X-ray analysis. The results of the Loss on Ignition measurements (figure 1) show that after an initial increase in the amount of organic material, the latter steadily declines with depth until the quantitative dominance of the inorganic component takes place, which is apparent in the last two samples from the depth of 648 and 652 cm. From this we can conclude that the analyzed section of the borehole core represents a transitional phase from inorganic (lacustrine) sedimentation to organic sedimentation, characteristic of a mire. The X-ray diffraction data (figure 2) show that quartz is the most abundant of the minerals present in the samples, the samples also contain clay minerals, micas, plagioclase and carbonates that appear only in the lower half of the analyzed interval. Through the comparison of the mineral composition from the samples with that of the surrounding rock formations i found that most of the inorganic material appears in the nearby environment of the bog, from that we conclude that the bulk of the material originated from the bogs watershed.


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