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Vloga praktičnega usposabljanja pri oblikovanju kompetenc vzgojiteljev predšolskih otrok : diplomsko delo
Zukić, Melita (Author), Polak, Alenka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2958 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Praktično usposabljanje na Pedagoški fakulteti je študijska dejavnost, kjer študenti spoznavajo praktično delo, delovno okolje in organizacijo dela ter se aktivno vključujejo v posamezne delovne procese. Ob tem usvajajo znanja, razvijajo spretnosti, ki prinašajo dodano vrednost njihovem izobraževanju ter občutku kompetentnosti za opravljanje določenega poklica. V obstoječi praksi in analizah pa se vseeno kažejo potrebne vsebinske prenove. Osrednji cilj diplomskega dela je preveriti, kako študenti 3. letnika Pedagoške fakultete ocenjujejo svoje praktično usposabljanje v času študija, katere so po njihovem mnenju tiste kompetence (znanja, spretnosti, zmožnosti), ki jih obvladajo ob koncu študija in za katere menijo, da jih še nimajo dovolj razvitih. Na podlagi spoznanj iz strokovne teorije sem oblikovala anketni vprašalnik. Zanimalo me je, kako so bila izpolnjena predštudijska pričakovanja študentov predšolske vzgoje glede praktičnega usposabljanja in kaj bi na tem področju kritično izpostavili oz. predlagali, da se spremeni. Ugotavljala sem tudi, ali se študenti razlikujejo v zaznavanju napredka na področju lastnih kompetenc pod vplivom formalnega (študijskega) in neformalnega (izven-študijskega) praktičnega usposabljanja. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 59 študentov, od tega 33 rednih in 26 izrednih študentov. Ugotovila pa sem, da študenti v procesu oblikovanja kompetenc praktičnem usposabljanju pripisujejo zelo pomembno vlogo. Usposobljenost oz. kompetentnost za opravljanje poklica pa ocenjujejo različno. Izredni študenti se v povprečju čutijo bolj kompetentne kot redni študenti, ki imajo nekoliko manj izkušenj. Večina anketiranih študentov pa je mnenja, da so za opravljanje poklica le delno usposobljeni. Sodelujoči v anketi zato predlagajo spremembe v okviru študijske prakse. Želijo si več lastne inciativnosti, učenje iz lastnih izkušenj ter v celoti bolj obširno študijsko prakso. Menijo, da jim primanjkuje kompetenc za pisanje priprav, zapisnikov in dokumentov, za sodelovanje s starši, izvajanje programa za vse starostne skupine, uporabo različnih metod dela, itd. Da bi študijski program predšolske vzgoje še nadalje razvijali in izpopolnjevali, je pomembno zavedanje in upoštevanje teh predlogov ter reševanje težav.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:profesionalni razvoj
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2015
Publisher:[M. Zukić]
Number of pages:58 str.
UDC:373.2.011.3-051(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:10654025 Link is opened in a new window
Views:937
Downloads:119
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The role of practical education in creating competences of teachers of pre-school children
Abstract:
Practical education is a study activity at the Faculty of Education, which enables students to get to know a practical work, working environment and organization of work, and engage actively in particular working processes. It brings them knowledge and helps to evolve skills, which give additional value to their education as well as feeling of competence to carry out a certain vocation. However, in the existing practice and analyses is still present a need to redesign curricular contents. The central part of the diploma thesis is checking, how students of the third grade of the Faculty of Education estimate their practical education during the study period, which competences (knowledge, skills, abilities) they master in their opinion, and which of them are not enough evolved. On a basis of findings of professional theory was designed a questionnaire. The author was interested, how were fulfilled pre-study expectations of students of pre-school education with regard to practical education and what they would critically expose and propose to change. The author also tried to find out, whether students differ in perceiving progress in a field of their own competences due to impact of a formal (study) or informal (out-of-study) practical education. In a survey participated 59 students, among them 33 full-time students and 26 part-time students. It was discovered, that students in a process of creating competences placed great importance on practical education, but they differently assessed their capacity or competence to carry out a vocation. On average, part-time students felt more competent than full-time students, who have a little less experiences. However, a majority of students shared opinion, that they were only partly qualified for performing vocation. Consequently, participants in a survey proposed changes regarding study practice. They wished more personal initiative, learning from their own experiences and globally more comprehensive study practice. They meant, that they were short of competences for lesson planning, writing records and documents, co-operation with parents, performing curriculum for all age groups, use of various working methods, etc. For further development and improvement of a study program of pre-school education it is important to be aware of these proposals and take them into account, what should contribute to solving problems.

Keywords:practical education

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