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Uporaba Tibetančkov za otroke v osnovni šoli : diplomsko delo
Jerković, Marijana (Author), Schmidt, Gordana (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Geršak, Vesna (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2821 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V diplomskem delu z naslovom Uporaba »Tibetančkov« za otroke v osnovni šoli sem opredelila gibanje ter ustvarjanje z gibanjem kot dejavnik sprostitve pri pouku ter odpravljanja posledic pojava utrujenosti v današnjem hitrem tempu življenja, ki je prisoten že pri najmlajših. V teoretičnem delu sem opredelila utrujenost na ravni pouka, predstavila vzroke, znake in posledice, kateri občutno vplivajo na kvaliteto vzgojno-izobraževalnega procesa. V povezavi s tem sem se osredotočila na pokazatelje pomanjkanja energije pri učencih, ob čemer je opaziti znižanje koncentracije in motivacije, s tem tudi zanimanja za nadaljnje delo v razredu. Nadalje sem predstavila instrument »Tibetančki« ter obrazložila njegovo funkcijo pri soočanju z motnjami pri pouku, saj kot pravi Schmidtova (2008), so to igre za razgibavanje, osredotočenje in sprostitev (prav tam, str. 2) in zato z njimi pri učencih dosežemo sproščanje mišične, umske ter čustvene napetosti. Z vidika pomembnosti aktivnega in ustvarjalnega vključevanja otrok pri pouku, sem vaje dopolnila z ustvarjalno nalogo, katere namen je bil približati vaje učencem ter spodbuditi njihovo in učiteljevo ustvarjalnost. Uporabno vrednost sem utemeljila na podlagi dosedanjih raziskav, ki potrjujejo povezavo gibnega udejstvovanja z učnim uspehom učencev, oziroma na splošno šolsko uspešnostjo (samo bivanje v šoli in delo za šolo doma) ter predstavila pozitivne učinke vpeljave ustvarjalnega giba kot celostne metode v pouk na emocionalni, telesni, kognitivni ter socialni razvoj otrok. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 9 učiteljic in 160 učencev razredne stopnje, pri katerih smo raziskali, kako se odražajo učinki izvajanja »Tibetančkov« pri nadaljevanju pouka in kako to dejavnost ter njeno učinkovitost vidijo učiteljice. Z opazovanjem razrednih situacij tekom raziskave sem ob prisotnosti slabe koncentracije in motiviranosti učencev opazila občutno razliko v učnem procesu po izvajanju vaj. Te razlike so potrdile ocene učiteljic in primerjava razrednega stanja brez in po izvajanju »Tibetančkov«, ki sem jih pridobila z dvema vprašalnikoma. Največji učinki so se izkazali pri povišani aktivnosti učencev pri nadaljnjem delu, z razliko ocen 2, 00 med prvotnim in stanjem po izvajanju vaj, s sledečima kategorijama – povečana zbranosti pri delu (1, 78) in motiviranosti učencev za nadaljnje delo (1, 66). Izkazalo se je, da je za učiteljice ta instrument uporaben pri odpravljanju posledic utrujenosti pri pouku v vseh razredih in so ga tako tudi zaznale, saj so se otroci umirili in sprostili. Učenci so večinoma radi izvajali vaje, se jih veselili ter samoiniciativno izvajali tudi doma in jih predstavili svojcem. Sproščenost in zadovoljstvo po izvajanju je bilo tako čutiti v vseh razredih, učenci so tudi pokazali velik interes za ustvarjalno nalogo, katero so učiteljice v najvišjem odstotku (36 %) odgovorov izpostavile kot favorizirano s strani učencev. Z vpeljavo sprostitvene gibalne in ustvarjalne dejavnosti smo dosegli, da so bili učenci po izvedbi bolj sproščeni, skoncentrirani in motivirani za nadaljnje delo. Vedno bolj so izražali zadovoljstvo in sproščenost ob ter po izvajanju, bili so vedno bolj gibčni, spretni ter ustvarjalni. Instrument se je vsekakor izkazal kot učinkovit pripomoček pri odpravljanju posledic utrujenosti na razredni stopnji osnovne šole.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ustvarjalni gib, Tibetančki za otroke, gibalne in sprostitvene dejavnosti, sprostitev
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2015
Publisher:[M. Jerković]
Number of pages:80 str.
UDC:373.3.016:796.035(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:10560073 Link is opened in a new window
Views:371
Downloads:101
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The five Tibetan rites in primary schools
Abstract:
The diploma thesis The Five Tibetan Rites in Primary Schools discuses the effect of movement and creative movement on relaxation and tiredness in the classroom in today's fast tempo that is already present in young children's life. In the theoretical part I defined tiredness in school, its causes, signs and consequences to quality in studying process. In this relation I focused on indicators of lack of energy in students, which are low levels of concentration, motivation and their level of interest in lessons. Further on I introduced the instrument »Tibetan Rites for Children«, its function in coping with distractions in class. As the author Schmidt (2008) explains the exercises are games for stretching, focus and relaxation and therefore in pupils release muscular, mental and emotional tension. We approached students by adding creative assignment to encourage active role in exercises as well theirs and teachers creativity. Based on former researches positive links between sports activity and students school achievement (including school work at home) I presented the use of Tibetan Rites and positive effects of creative movement as holistic method in lessons on emotional, physical, cognitive and social development of children. The study included 9 teachers and 160 pupils attending primary school for researching the effects of Tibetan Rites on the course of further lessons as well as instrument for teachers in primary schools. In my observations practicing Tibetan Rites in classroom when pupils’ levels of concentration and motivation are low, showed significant differences in continuing lesson. These findings were concluded by analyzing two questionnaires which presented the highest rated effect on pupils activity in class (average difference 2,00), following improved concentration (average difference 1,78) and motivation level (average difference 1,66) in continuing lesson. Results showed that an instrument Tibetan Rites is useful for teachers in order to calm down and relax pupils’ tension. Exercises were well accepted among the pupils, they were practicing them at home and introduced them to relatives. The pupils expressed satisfaction and relaxed condition during and after practicing exercises in which according to teacher’s estimations (36 %) creative assignment was their favorite task. Among presented effects we find pupils’ improvement of body agility, skills and creativity. The instrument Tibetan Rites appeared to be effective gadget for eliminating consequences of tiredness in primary schools.


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