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Pomen barvnega kroga Johannesa Ittna za likovno izobraževanje : diplomsko delo
Opalk Knavs, Tina (Author), Selan, Jurij (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Tomšič Amon, Bea (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2551 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Napredek v znanosti je v 19. stoletju je pripeljal do znanstveno pravilnih primarnih barv, ki so bile drugačne od tradicionalnih likovnih primarnih barv. Danes pri snovnem barvnem mešanju zato poznamo znanstveno »napačne« likovne primarne barve (RYB) ter znanstveno pravilne subtraktivne primarne barve (CMY). Likovne primarne barve nam ne omogočajo eksaktnega mešanja barvnih snovi v vse ostale barve in so zato fizikalno gledano »napačne«. Imajo pa zato za likovnike močno tradicionalno in simbolično vrednost. V diplomskem delu zato raziščem problematiko odnosa med likovnimi in subtraktivnimi primarnimi barvami na primeru barvnega kroga Johannesa Ittna. Razlog za različen pogled likovnih umetnikov in znanstvenikov na problematiko primarnih barv je v razumevanju njihove namembnosti. Glede na izbor primarnih barv se razlikujejo tudi likovni in subtraktivni barvni krogi. Najbolj znan likovni barvni krog, ki ga je ustvaril Johannes Itten in se ga uporablja v izobraževalne namene, izvorno temelji na likovnih primarnih barvah. Zaradi tega je bil s strani znanosti v zgodovini večkrat kritiziran, v izobraževalne namene pa popravljen s subtraktivnimi primarnimi barvami. Pri analizi učbenikov za likovno izobraževanje, sem ugotovila, da se v njih pojavlja popravljen Ittnov barvni krog s subtraktivnimi primarnimi barvami. Korekcija likovnih primarnih barv (RYB) za subtraktivne primarne barve (CMY) je z vidika likovnega ustvarjanja neupravičena. Na osnovi teoretičnih spoznanj zato na koncu podam didaktične smernice za vključevanje Ittnovega barvnega kroga v likovno izobraževanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:primarne barve, barvni krog, Johannes Itten
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2014
Publisher:[T. Opalk Knavs]
Number of pages:38 str.
UDC:7.017.4:373.3(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:10251849 Link is opened in a new window
Views:848
Downloads:128
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The meaning of Johannes Itten's color wheel for art education
Abstract:
Progress in science in the 19th century have shown the scientific correct primary colors are different from the traditional art primary colors. Today in substance color mixing we know scientific »wrong« art primary colors (RYB), and scientific correct primary colors (CMY). Artistic primary colors don't give us exact color mixing substances in all other colors and are therefore from physically point of view "wrong" primaries. However, for artists they have strong traditional and symbolic value. In the thesis, therefore, I explore the issue of the relationship between artisctic and scientific primary colors on the case of Johannes Ittna color wheel. The reason that artists and scientists have diferent view on issue of primary colors is in their use. Depending on the choice of primary colors is also different color wheel. The most famous artistic color wheel, which was created by Johannes Itten and is used for educational purposes, is original basing on the art primary colors. This is the reason whay his theory was much criticised by scientists and in educational purposes corrected by subtractive primary colors. In the analysis of textbooks for art education, I realized that corrected Itten's colored circle with a physical primary color occurs in them. Uncertainties about Itten's color wheel has been transferred in textbooks for art education. Correction of art primary colors (RYB) for subtractive primary colors (CMY) from artistic expression point of view is unjustified. On the basis of theoretical knowledge so in the end I make a didactic guidelines for the integration of Itten's color wheel in art education.


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