The process of separation from the caregives, is the most important in preschool years. It is linked to the process of individuation. The decision about the kind of guardianship may have great impact on both process. We thinkthat thougtless and early placement of the child to children's nursery may produce phase specific traumas, leading to developmental deficits. The research work was made to test the differences in caregiving and the impact ofearly placement of a child to children's nurseries.