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Dendrokronološke raziskave na kolišču Parte - Iščica, Ljubljansko barje, Slovenija
Čufar, Katarina (Author), Levanič, Tom (Author), Velušček, Anton (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://eprints.gozdis.si/id/eprint/390 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Na Ljubljanskem Barju v Sloveniji smo opravili dendrokronološke raziskave lesa iz eneolitskega koliščarske naselbine Parte-Iščica. Iz struge reke Iščice smo odvzeli vzorce 1237 kolov iz lesa jesena (Fraxinus sp.), jelše (Alnus glutinosa Gaertn.), bukve (Fagus sylvatica L.), jelke (Abies alba Mill.), javorja (Acer sp.), breze (Betula sp.), leske (Corylus sp.), belega gabra (Carpinus betulus L.), topola (Populus sp.), hrasta (Quercus sp.), vrbe (Salixsp.) in bresta (Ulmus sp.). Prevladovali so vzorci jesena, jelše in bukve s 70 %, 9 % in 7 %. Dendrokronološke analize smo opravili na jesenovih, bukovih, hrastovih in jelovih kolih, ki so imeli nad 45 branik. Na osnovi 285 relativno datiranih vzorcev smo sestavili dve jesenovi in eno bukovo kronologijo, dolžin 136, 113 in 105 let. Večje količine lesa, posekanega v istem koledarskem letu, nakazujejo potek gradbenih aktivnosti na kolišču. Po prvih rezultatih radiokarbonskega datiranja uvrščamo koliščarsko naselbino v prvo polovico tretjega tisočletja pred našim štetjem.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:arheologija mokrih tal, datiranje, dendrokronologija, arheološki les, kolišča, mlajša kamena doba, bakrena doba, Ljubljansko barje, jesen (drevo), bukev, Slovenija
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:1999
Publisher:Inštitut za gozdno in lesno gospodarstvo
Number of pages:str. 165-188
Numbering:Št. 58
UDC:902.674(497.4)"63"
ISSN on article:0351-3114
COBISS.SI-ID:506790 Link is opened in a new window
Views:936
Downloads:173
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Zbornik gozdarstva in lesarstva
Shortened title:Zb. gozd. lesar.
Publisher:Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za gozdarstvo in obnovljive gozdne vire, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za lesarstvo
ISSN:0351-3114
COBISS.SI-ID:6206978 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Dendrochronological investigations in the pile dwelling Parte - Iščica, Ljubljana moor, Slovenia
Abstract:
From the Parte-I{~ica Eneolithic pile dwelling in the Ljubljana Moor, Slovenia, timber was collected for dendrochronological investigations. In the river bed of the I{~ica river samples were selected from 1237 vertical piles of ash (Fraxinus sp.), alder (Alnus glutinosa Gaertn.), beech (Fagus sylvaticaL.), fir (Abies alba Mill.), maple (Acer sp.), birch (Betula sp.), hazel (Corylus sp.), hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.), poplar (Populus sp.), oak(Quercus sp.), willow (Salix sp.), and elm (Ulmus sp.). Those of ash, alder, and beech predominated with 70 %, 9 %, and 7 % respectively. Samples ofash, beech, oak, and silver fir containing more than 45 tree-rings were usedfor tree-ring analyses. 285 samples were cross-dated and three floating chronologies, two of ash and one of beech, were constructed. Their length was 136, 113, and 105 years. The large amount of timber cut in the same calendar year provides information on building activities on the site. The first 14C dates indicate that the pile dwelling existed in the first half of the 3rd millennium BC.

Keywords:wetland archaeology, dating, dendrochronology, archeological wood, pile dwellings, late Stone Age, Copper Age, Fraxinus sp., Fagus sylvatica L., Ljubljana moor, Slovenia

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