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Razvoj strankarskega sistema na Češkem
Cabada, Ladislav (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:doc-ZPDNGUD6 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Češka republika je v zadnjih devetih letih doživela nekaj bistvenih političnih sprememb, ki so vplivale tudi na oblikovanje podobe strankarskega sistema. Žametna revolucija je pomenila konec enostrankarskega sistema in spodbudila nastanek več deset političnih strank, ki so bolj ali manj uspešno nastopale na volitvah. Po kratkem obdobju konfuzije, v katerem je oblikovanje pluralnega strankarskega sistema ogrožala njegova atomizacija, je po parlamentarnih volitvah 1992, predvsem zahvaljujoč volilnemu pragu, prišlo do konsolidacije. Stabilnost desnosredinske vlade, ki je bila na oblasti več kot pet let, je omogočila koncentracijo levičarske opozicije in s tem poenostavitev strankarskega sistema. Ta trend je podprla tudi večina volilcev,ki je zavrnila populizem antisistemskih strank. Po izrednih parlamentarnih volitvah junija 1998 sta dve največji, programsko nasprotni si stranki, sklenili opozicijski dogovor, ki predstavlja nov politični element.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:strankarski sistemi, Češka republika, pluralizem, opozicija, dogovori
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:1999
Publisher:Fakulteta za sociologijo, politične vede in novinarstvo v Ljubljani
Number of pages:str. 290-303
Numbering:Let. 36, št. 2
UDC:329
ISSN on article:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:19129949 Link is opened in a new window
Views:325
Downloads:80
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Teorija in praksa
Shortened title:Teor. praksa
Publisher:Visoka šola za politične vede
ISSN:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:763652 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Abstract:
In the last nine years, Czech republic faced some fundamental political changes, which influenced the shaping image of party system. Velvet revolution represented the end of one-party system and stimulated the emergence of ten political parties, which have been more or less successful at the polls. After the short period of perplexity, in which the pluralistic party system was jeopardised by its atomisation, the parliamentary elections in 1992 brought on consolidation. The stability of central right wing government, which was in power for more than five years, enabled concentration of left-wing opposition and thus simplification of the party system. This trend was confirmed also by the majority of electoral body, which rejected populism of anti-system parties. After untimely parliamentary elections in June 1998, two biggest parties of opposed orientations made an oppositional agreement, which represents a new political element.

Keywords:party system, Czech Republic, pluralism, opposition, compact

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