ABSTRACT: The paper is an attempt to clarify the nature of French citizenship in conditions of globalisation. French citizenship is a specific phenomenon since the French Revolution had introduced a novelty in the very concept of citizenship, the politically-ideological principle of acceptance into the political community. Had this principle been valid completely, France should not have any problems with tensions between ethnicity and the state. But reality shows that France is executing one of the most violent forms of assimilation. This contribution tries to throw light upon this paradox and to study the origins of French ethnic identity. In conclusion, a view on the influence of globalisation on the nature of French citizenship is presented.