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Parazitoidi listnih uši v Sloveniji in njihov pomen za biotično varstvo rastlin
Kos, Katarina (Author), Tomanović, Željko (Author), Rojht, Helena (Author), Trdan, Stanislav (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-OUZ0KZC7 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V letih 2006 in 2008 smo ugotavljali zastopanost parazitoidov listnih uši (Aphididae) v Sloveniji. Nabranih in identificiranih je bilo 2173 osebkov parazitoidov. Določili smo 30 vrst parazitoidov listnih uši iz 8 rodov družineBraconidae: Aphidius, Binodoxys, Diaeretiella, Ephedrus, Lysiphlebus, Lipolexis, Monoctonus in Praon. Najštevilčnejše so bile vrste Diaeretiella rapae, Lysiphlebus fabarum in Aphidius matricariae. Parazitoidi so pomemben dejavnik omejevanja številčnosti populacij listnih uši na gojenih in samoniklih rastlinskih vrstah, zato jih po svetu uporabljajo kot biotične agense v varstvu rastlin. V Sloveniji se parazitoidi listnih uši načrtno še neuporabljajo v integrirani pridelavi rastlin, saj je bilo do sedaj znanih in potrjenih le malo vrst parazitoidov. Zaradi manjkajoče zakonodaje do nedavnegapri nas ni bilo mogoče vnašati ali gojiti niti tujerodnih niti domorodnih vrst z namenom biotičnega zatiranja listnih uši. Z našo raziskavo odpiramo možnosti drugačnega, v svetu že uveljavljenega in naravi bolj prijaznega načina varstva rastlin pred temi pomembnimi škodljivci.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:parazitoidi, biotično varstvo rastlin, Slovenija
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2009
Publisher:Slovensko entomološko društvo Štefana Michielija
Number of pages:str. 5-12
Numbering:Vol. 17, št/No. 1
UDC:595.7
ISSN on article:1318-1998
COBISS.SI-ID:714485 Link is opened in a new window
Views:555
Downloads:124
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta entomologica slovenica
Shortened title:Acta entomol. slov.
Publisher:Slovensko entomološko društvo Štefana Michielija
ISSN:1318-1998
COBISS.SI-ID:36553984 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Aphid parasitoids in Slovenia and their significance in biological control
Abstract:
In 2006 and 2008 we investigated the presence of aphid parasitoid species in Slovenia. 2173 individuals were collected and identified. We determined 30 species of aphid parasitoids from 8 genera belonging to the subfamily Aphidiinae and family Braconidae: Aphidius, Binodoxys, Diaeretiella, Ephedrus,Lysiphlebus, Lipolexis, Monoctonus and Praon. The most abundant species were Diaeretiella rapae, Lysiphlebus fabarum and Aphidius matricariae.Aphid parasitoids are important biological control agents in plantproduction worldwide, since they reduce aphid populations on cultivated and wild-growing plants. In Slovenia, aphid parasitoids are not used in integrated plant production yet, because only a few species were recorded and identified, and the introduction or their rearing for the purpose of biological control was not allowed. With our research, the possibilities for adifferent, yet in the world established and more nature protective way of plant protection against aphids are opened.

Keywords:parasitoids, biological control, Slovenia

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