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Volilna reforma na Češkem - volilni inženiring v praksi
Cabada, Ladislav (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/tip/tip20015Cabada.PDF New window

Abstract
Izredne volitve v Poslansko zbornico Parlamenta Republike Češke leta 1998 so potrdile trend izpred dveh let: oblikovanje trdnih vladnih koalicij je zmeraj težje. Razlog za to dejstvo je predvsem slaba politična kultura političnih elit in njihova nepripravljenost iskati kompromisne rešitve. Po oblikovanju "skrite tihe velike koalicije" sta se dve veliki politični stranki - socialni in državljanski demokrati - odločili za tehnične spremembe volilnega sistema, ki naj bi v prihodnje zagotovile trdne vladne koalicije. Volilna reforma, ki sta jo stranki pripravili, predstavlja zanimiv primer volilnega inženiringa. Pod pritiskom ustavnega člena o proporcionalnosti volilnega sistema so predlagatelji v ta sistem vnesli spremembe, ki zagotavljajo zelo večinske posledice volitev. Vendar so bili glavni členi reforme razveljavljeni s strani Ustavnega sodišča. Češka republika torej manj kot eno leto pred volitvami nima veljavnega volilnega zakona. To dejstvo lahko predstavlja grožnjo za stabilnost demokracije in pravnega reda na Češkem.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:volitve, volilni sistemi
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2001
Number of pages:str. 817-831
Numbering:Letn. 38, št. 5
UDC:324
ISSN on article:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:20844893 Link is opened in a new window
Views:445
Downloads:117
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Teorija in praksa
Shortened title:Teor. praksa
Publisher:Visoka šola za politične vede
ISSN:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:763652 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
After parliamentary elections in the Czech republic in 1998, the "hidden silent great coalition" was established, consisting of two big political parties - social and civic democrats. The coalition was a result of conflicts between the political parties and political elite. They were not able to find compromise and solutions and to create a "normal" government. Consequently, the two big political parties decided to modify the election system. The aim was to assure the strong governmental coalition after the next elections. Constitutional Court found some of the changes (the election divider - modified D'Hondt, the dimension of election districts etc.) as illegal. As a result, Czech republic is without the election law not even a year before the next parliamentary elections. This situation could endanger the stability of the democracy and the rule of law in the country.

Keywords:election, election system

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