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Financiranje lokalne uprave v Črni gori
Blečić, Miro (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/tip/tip20005blecic.PDF New window

Abstract
Ali dobivajo lokalne skupnosti v spremenjenih globalnih razmerah, ko se spreminja suverenost nacionalnih držav, večji ali manjši pomen? To je aktualnovprašanje tudi v Črni gori. Z institucionalnimi rešitvami je lahko lokalni samoupravi dodeljena večja ali manjša avtonomija, vendar bo njena dejanska avtonomija zmeraj "omejena" sorazmerno z izvirnimi prihodki, ki so jina razpolago za opravljanje zadev in funkcij iz samostojnega delovnega področja, in ugotovljeno stopnjo svobode pri razpolaganju s temi prihodki. Dogaja se nasprotno. Kontinuirano zmanjševanje izvirnih prihodkov lokalne samouprave bi bilo razumljivo, če bi se v enaki meri zmanjševal obseg zadev njenega samostojnega delovanja. Vendar je kljub očitnemu reduciranju samostojnega delovanja ta pojav neprimerno manjši od stopnje zmanjševanja prihodkov. Z zmanjševanjem izvirnih proračunskih prihodkov lokalne uprave se bistveno zreducira njen učinek, s tem pa tudi pomen za lokalno prebivalstvo. Če pa gre za odobritev dopolnilnih sredstev (donacije, subvencije, egalizacijski fondi), se ugotavlja izpolnjevanje določenih pogojev, ki jih je predpisala centralna oblast ob sočasnem pridrževanju pravice nadzora nad porabo teh sredstev. Tako država reducira prihodke lokalne samouprave, širi svoje izvirne prihodke, preko dopolnilnih sredstev razširja svoj vpliv ter lokalne organe spreminja v izvajalce svojih lastnih ciljev in politike.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:lokalna uprava, lokalne skupnosti, avtonomija, prihodek, Črna gora
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.04 - Professional Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2000
Number of pages:str. 951-965
Numbering:Let. 37, št. 5
UDC:323
ISSN on article:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:20190045 Link is opened in a new window
Views:624
Downloads:159
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Teorija in praksa
Shortened title:Teor. praksa
Publisher:Visoka šola za politične vede
ISSN:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:763652 New window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Abstract:
Do the local communities gain greater or smaller meaning in the changed globalsituation when the sovereignty of the national states changes? This is an actual question for Montenegro as well. By institutional solutions the local self-government may achieve greater or smaller autonomy, however its actual autonomy will always be limited comparatively to the original incomes, available for performing affairs and functions from the independent working field, and the established level of freedom in distributing this income. However, the opposite is going on. Continual decrease in original income of the local self-government would be reasonable if the extent of the issues of its functioning decreases as well. Despite the obvious reduction of independent functioning, the latter is relatively smaller in comparison with the level of decrease in incomes. By decreasing original budget incomes of local government its effectiveness is reduced as well and consequently also its importance for the local inhabitants. In the case that additional sources are approved (donations, subventions, egalisation funds), certain conditions, defined by the central government have to be fulfilled. At the same time, the central government has the right to control the expenditures from these sources. In this way, the state reduces incomes of the local self-government, expands its original incomes, expands its influence through such additional sources, and transforms local organs into performers of its own aims and politics.

Keywords:local government, local communities, autonomy, revenue, Montenegro

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