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Japonska družba danes : sociokulturološki pristop
Ferfila, Bogomil (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/tip/tip19995Ferfila.PDF New window

Abstract
Značilnosti homogenosti, egalitarnosti, skupinske orientiranosti in kolektivnih vrednot japonske družbe so močne in prevladujoče. Obstajajo pa številne subkulture, ki so vezane na rasno delitev japonske družbe, pa tudi na spol, starost, regijo, poklic itd. Ti tudi določajo dostop do številnih virov, vključno z ekonomskimi privilegiji, politično močjo, družbenim ugledom, iformacijami, znanjem. V tem smislu je na Japonsko treba gledati kot na družbo več kultur pa tudi več slojev. Japonska ima vrsto manjšin, ki so predmet diskriminacijek in predsodkov, izvirajočih iz kulturno določenih etničnih mitov, iluzij in neresnic. Povprečen japonec je ženskega spola (51 %, zaposlen v majhnih podjetjih (88%), brez univerzitetne izobrazbe (88%), ni član sindikata (76%). Nezaposlenih je malo (3,2%), vendar je kriterij zaposlenosti celo enourno delo na mesec! Konvergentni procesi v Japonski družbi: 1. staranje japonske družbe, 2. družina in sorodstvene vezi so se preobrazile v smeri, kot je značilno za Evropo in ZDA, 3. spremembe v managementu, izginja princip senjoritete, 4. vrednostni sistem se vse bolj nagiba k individualnosti

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Japonska, notranja politika, kultura, subkultura, teorija konvergence, kulturni modeli, relativizem, modernizacija
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:1999
Number of pages:str. 748-764
Numbering:Let. 36, št. 5
UDC:308(5/9)
ISSN on article:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:19419485 Link is opened in a new window
Views:652
Downloads:131
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Teorija in praksa
Shortened title:Teor. praksa
Publisher:Visoka šola za politične vede
ISSN:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:763652 New window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Abstract:
It is actually quite difficult to present a particular state or its content - society. There is a lot of jeopardy and possible mistakes: some characteristics may be chosen as key indicators, but in fact they are not; some which are important may not be stressed enough; others may be overlooked,although they ought to be at least pointed out, being connected with other key characteristics etc. One of the possible approaches is to imagine a particular country as an average citizen with all characteristics most frequently present. Every state or its society is something special, since it is impossible to find two countries at the same level of development according to all their characteristics (history, religion, climate, economical-developmental indicator, socio-cultural characteristics etc.). However, Japan is a unique country also according to inhabitants' belief that they are something special. Doubtless, the characteristics of homogeneity, egalitarianism, orientation toward group and collective values are strong and prevailing. However, one cannot forget about several subcultures - if understood as sets of values, expectations and the ways of life lived and shared by a certain part of population. They are connected with racial division of Japanese society, and also with sex, age, religion, vocation etc. This is connected with differences in limited access to numerous resources, including economic privileges, political power, social reputation, information, knowledge. In this context Japanese society has to be seen as a society of several cultures and strata. Although Japan is racially and nationally homogeneous, it has series of minorities, which are by the rule an object of discrimination and prejudices, rising from a culturally defined ethnical myths, illusions, falseness.

Keywords:Japan, domestic policy, culture, subculture, convergence theory, culture model, relativism, modernization

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