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Attitudes towards genetically modified organisms in Slovenia : between knowledge and myths
Erjavec, Karmen (Author), Čehovin Zajc, Jožica (Author), Poler Kovačič, Melita (Author), Šuštar Vozlič, Jelka (Author), Uhan, Samo (Author), Juvančič, Luka (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/sjph.2013.52.issue-3/sjph-2013-0021/sjph-2013-0021.xml?format=INT New window

Abstract
Objective: Because existing studies examining the impact of knowledge on peopleʼs attitudes towards genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have had contradictory results, the goal of this study was to explore the attitudes that the population of Slovenia has towards GMOs and how knowledge affects their attitudes. Methods: In January 2012, a telephone survey was conducted researching attitudes towards GMOs and knowledge about them on a representative sample of the population of Slovenia (N=446). Results: The results revealed a predominantly negative attitude towards GMOs, regardless of their type, application and geographical distance; perceptions of the negative impact of GMOs on an individualʼs health were particularly strong. The majority of respondents (59.5%) had moderate knowledge about GMOs, while a largeshare (30.4%) had poor knowledge of the topic. They had better objective knowledge about topics linked to formal education or legislation and a weaker understanding of mass media myths. Correlation analysis and one-way analysis of variance showed a statistically significant correlation between knowledge and attitudes towards GMOs. The respondents with better objective knowledge (who gave the correct answers to test questions) had a less firm and a more positive attitude towards GMOs and vice versa. The respondents who lacked objective knowledge but expressed subjective knowledge (they were convinced that their answers were correct) on average had a more negative attitude towards GMOs compared to those who lacked subjective knowledge. Conclusions: This finding leads to the conclusion that knowledge, particularly relating to media myths about GMOs, has an important role in forming attitudes towards the impact of GMOs on an individualʼs health.

Language:English
Keywords:genetically modified organisms, attitudes, objective knowledge, subjective knowledge, Slovenia
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2013
Number of pages:str. 201-209
Numbering:Letn. 52, št. 3
UDC:604.6:316.654(497.4)
ISSN on article:0351-0026
DOI:10.2478/sjph-2013-0021 Link is opened in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:2926053 Link is opened in a new window
Views:544
Downloads:158
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Zdravstveno varstvo
Publisher:Zavod LRS za zdarvstveno varstvo, Republiški zdravstveni center
ISSN:0351-0026
COBISS.SI-ID:3287810 New window

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Stališča do genetsko modificiranih organizmov v Sloveniji
Abstract:
Namen: Zaradi nasprotujočih si izsledkov obstoječih raziskav o vplivu znanja na stališča o GSO je bil namen študije ugotoviti, kakšna so stališča prebivalcev Slovenije do gensko spremenjenih organizmov (GSO) in kako znanje vpliva na stališča o GSO. Metode: V januarju 2012 je bila izvedena telefonska anketa o stališčih in znanju o GSO na reprezentativnem vzorcu med prebivalci Slovenije (N = 446). Rezultati: Izsledki so pokazali prevladujoče negativno stališče do GSO ne glede na vrsto, uporabo in na zemljepisno oddaljenost; pri tem posebej izstopa percepcija vpliva GSO na posameznikovo zdravje. Večina anketiranih (59,5 %) ima o GSO srednje dobro znanje; visok delež (30,4 %) je takih, katerih znanje je slabo. Boljše objektivno znanje imajo o temah iz formalnega izobraževanja ali spremljanja zakonodaje, slabše pa o medijskih mitih. Korelacijska analiza in enosmerna analiza variance sta pokazali, da medznanjem in stališči o GSO obstaja statistično značilna povezanost. Anketiranci z boljšim objektivnim znanjem (pravilni odgovori na testna vprašanja) imajo manj trdno in bolj pozitivno stališče do GSO in nasprotno. Anketiranci brez objektivnega znanja, a z izraženim subjektivnim znanjem (prepričanost o pravilnosti svojih odgovorov) imajo v povprečju bolj negativna stališča do GSO kot tisti, ki nimajo subjektivnega znanja. Zaključki:To pomeni, da ima znanje, še posebej pa medijski miti o GSO, pomembno vlogo pri oblikovanju stališča o vplivu GSO na posameznikovo zdravje.

Keywords:gensko spremenjeni organizmi, GSO, stališča, objektivno znanje, subjektivno znanje, Slovenija

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