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Tehnološke značilnosti izdelave lesnih kuriv : diplomsko delo - visokošolski strokovni študij
Kaker, Dejan (Author), Gornik Bučar, Dominika (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Bučar, Bojan (Co-mentor), Gorišek, Željko (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Nastajajoča energetska kriza odpira možnosti alternativnim energetskim virom, istočasno pa pridobivajo na pomenu klasična lesna kuriva, oplemenitena z novimi tehnologijami izdelave. S stiskanjem lesne mase lahko zagotovimo višje kurilne vrednosti kuriv, lažji transport in skladiščenje. Postopki izdelave stiskancev so odvisni od končnega proizvoda v obliki sekancev, peletov ali briketov. Na energijsko učinkovitost vplivajo predvsem kakovost lesne mase in njena vlažnost, na uporabnost stiskancev pa tudi pogoji med izdelavo. Vplive vlažnosti in temperature med stiskanjem smo raziskali z laboratorijskimi poskusi. Izdelana je bila posebna stiskalna naprava za izdelavo stiskancev, ki smo jo vstavili v testirni stroj Zwick. Bukovo žagovino smo uravnovesili na vlažnosti 9,8 %, 11,8 %, 14,8 %, 18 % in 27,4 %. Stiskance smo izdelovali pri temperaturah 50°C, 60 °C, 70°C in 80 °C. Po fazi stiskanja, ki je trajala okoli 72 s, smo opazovali sproščanje notranjih napetosti v stiskancih oziroma relaksacijo stiskancev. Rezultate meritev smo normalizirali s pomočjo modelov za stiskanje in sproščanje. Poskusi so pokazali, da smo dobili največje kompaktnosti stiskancev pri vlažnostih pod 15 % in temperaturah nad 50 °C.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:lesna kuriva, bukovina, vlažnost, temperatura stiskanja
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2009
Publisher:[D. Kaker]
Number of pages:XI, 57 f., [19] f. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:630*839.81
COBISS.SI-ID:1745033 Link is opened in a new window
Views:752
Downloads:275
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Technological characteristics of wood fuel production : graduation thesis - higher professional studies
Abstract:
The emerging energetic crisis paves paths for alternative energy sources and also reverts to classical wood fuels augmented by new production technologies. By compressing wood residues, comparably higher combustion heat values, facilitated transportation and warehousing are obtained. Technological processes are different, depending on the final products being either woodchips, pellets, or briquettes. Their energy efficiency is influenced by the quality of densified wood logs (slugs) and the moisture contents, while their applicability features depend on the conditions during apiston-and-mould process. We tested the moisture and temperature dependencies in several laboratory experiments. A mould was constructed and used in a Zwick testing machine. We balanced beech wood saw residues at 9.8 %,11.8 %, 14.8 %, 18 %, and 27.4 % moisture levels and, afterwards, compressed them at temperatures 50 °C, 60 °C, 70 °C, and 80 °C. After the compression completed in about 72 s, we observed intrinsic tensions in the logs during the relaxation phase. We normalised the resulting measurements by the compression and relaxation models. The experiments proved the best quality densified logs with highest compactness were obtained with moistures below 15 % and temperatures above 50 °C.

Keywords:wood fuels, beech wood, moisture, compression temperature

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