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Viable methanotrophic bacteria enriched from air and rain can oxidize methane at cloud-like conditions
Šantl Temkiv, Tina (Author), Finster, Kai (Author), Hansen, Bjarne Munk (Author), Pašić, Lejla (Author), Karlson, Ulrich Gosewinkel (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://download.springer.com/static/pdf/947/art%253A10.1007%252Fs10453-013-9287-1.pdf?auth66=1363765749_2802430fe05fdee88fd4a381541e9cac&ext=.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Atmospheric methane is degraded by both photooxidation and, in topsoils, by methanotrophic bacteria, but this may not totally account for the global sink of this greenhouse gas. Topsoils are a prominent source of airborne bacteria, which can degrade some organic atmospheric compounds at rates similar to photooxidation. Although airborne methanotrophs would have direct access to atmospheric methane, their presence and activity in the atmosphere has not been investigated so far. We enriched airborne met- hanotrophs from air and rainwater and showed that they oxidized methane at atmospheric concentration. The majority of seven OTUs, detected using pmo A gene clone libraries, were affiliated to the type II methanotrophic genera Methylocystis and Methylosi- nus . Furthermore, 16S rRNA gene clone libraries revealed the presence of OTUsaffiliated with the genera Hyphomicrobium and Variovorax , members of which can stimulate methane oxidation by yet uniden- tified mechanisms. Simulating cloud-like conditions revealed that although both low pH and the presence of common cloud-borne organics negatively affected methane oxidation,airborne methanotrophs were able to degrade atmospheric methane in most cases. We demonstrate here for the first time that viable methanotrophic bacteria are present in air and rain and thus expand our knowledge on the global distri- bution of methanotrophs to include the atmosphere. The fact that they can degrade methane to below atmospheric concentrations when inoculated into artificial cloud water leads to an important possible effect of these organisms: the atmosphere may not only function as a medium for microbial dissemina- tion, but also as a site of active microbial methane turnover.

Language:English
Keywords:air microbiology, methane, methanotrophs, aerial dispersal, airborne bacteria
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2013
Number of pages:str. 373-384
Numbering:Vol. 29, issue 3
UDC:577.2
ISSN on article:0393-5965
DOI:10.1007/s10453-013-9287-1 Link is opened in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:2744143 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:303
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Aerobiologia
Shortened title:Aerobiologia
Publisher:Pitagora Editrice
ISSN:0393-5965
COBISS.SI-ID:1432596 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Keywords:Methylocystis

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