Cutting force variability as a consequence of exchangeable cleavage fracture and compressive breakdown of wood tissue
Merhar, Miran (Author), Bučar, Bojan (Author)

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In the present study, the conditions of chip propagation or fracture in orthogonal oblique cutting of beech wood (Fagus silvatica) in the 90° direction for a type-I chip has been investigated. The force required for orthogonal wood cutting is pronouncedly variable, which is the consequence of exchangeable different ways of material breakdown. The chip formation process is discontinuous because of interrupted splitting of the material in front of the cutting tool. A 10-mm-thick specimen was cut at a rake angle of 31° and 42° with chip thicknesses ranging from 0.1 to 0.3 mm. The chip segment length increased with the chip thickness. A chip of varying length and thickness was modelled using the finite element method. For each case, the bending or compressive stress in the chip and the stress intensity factor at the crack tip was calculated. The segment length of the chip can be calculated by taking into account the condition that a crack propagates when the stress intensity factor K I at the crack tip equals the critical stress intensity factor K IC, and the bending or compressive stress sigma x in the chip is smaller than the strength sigm u . Good agreement between the calculated and the measured values was observed. The chip segment length can change considerably already with small changes in the bending strength and critical stress intensity factor. This large sensitivity is also confirmed by the fluctuation of the measured chip segment lengths by as much as 400%.

Keywords:odrezek, segmentacija odrezka, formiranje odrezka, fraktura
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Number of pages:str. 965-977
Numbering:Vol. 46, issue 5
ISSN on article:0043-7719
DOI:10.1007/s00226-011-0457-4 Link is opened in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:1989001 Link is opened in a new window
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Wood Science and Technology
Shortened title:Wood Sci. Technol.
COBISS.SI-ID:9151749 This link opens in a new window

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