izpis_h1_title_alt

Vloga matičnih celic pri nastanku raka mlečne žleze
Keber, Rok (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://aas.bf.uni-lj.si/zootehnika/96-2010/PDF/96-2010-1-43-51.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Rak mlečne žleze je najpogostejša oblika raka pri ženskah, zelo pogost pa je tudi pri nekaterih vrstah domačih živali (psi, mačke). Vse najnovejše raziskave s področja biologije mlečne žleze podpirajo hipotezo rakave matične celice, po kateri naj bi tumor izviral iz matične celice mlečne žleze ali njenih zgodnjih potomk. Tumorji nastanejo zaradi napake v uravnavanju sicer natančno kontroliranega procesa samoobnavljanja matičnih celic, kar je njihova temeljna lastnost. Tak tumor vsebuje subpopulacijo celic z lastnostmi matičnih celic, ki omogočajo razvoj in diferenciacijo tumorja ter prispevajo k celični heterogenosti. Vlogo rakavih matičnih celic v rakavem tkivu lahko primerjamo z vlogo normalnih matičnih celic v zdravem tkivu. Njihov obstoj je bil sprva dokazan pri krvnem raku, kasneje pa še pri malignih spremembah kompaktnih tkiv: možgan, prostate, debelega črevesa, trebušne slinavke in mlečne žleze. Identifikacija matičnih celic v zdravem in tumorskem tkivu mlečne žleze je razkrila vzroke za molekularno kompleksnost raka mlečne žleze pri ljudeh in živalih. Hipoteza rakave matične celice ima pomembno vlogo pri zgodnjem odkrivanju in zdravljenju dedne in sporadične oblike raka dojke pri ženskah. Matične celice z okvarjenim mehanizmom samoobnavljanja so odporne na obsevanje in kemoterapijo in zato predstavljajo osrednjo tarčo pri razvoju novih zdravil in strategij za zdravljenje raka dojke.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:mlečna žleza, matične celice, rak, medicina
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2010
Number of pages:str. 43-51
Numbering:Letn. 96, št. 1
UDC:616
ISSN on article:1581-9175
COBISS.SI-ID:2695048 Link is opened in a new window
Views:792
Downloads:189
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only to logged in users.
:
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta agriculturae Slovenica
Shortened title:Acta agric. Slov.
Publisher:Biotehniška fakulteta
ISSN:1581-9175
COBISS.SI-ID:213840640 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women worldwide but also very common in domestic cats and dogs. Recent research in mammary gland biology has provided support for the cancer stem cell-hypothesis. The main focus of this hypothesis is that tumor originates from mammary stem or progenitor cells as a result of deregulation of the normally precise regulated process of self-renewal, which is their main characteristics. As a result, tumors contain and are driven by a cellular subcomponent that retains key stem-cell properties and enable development and differentiation of the tumor tissue, which results in extensive cellular heterogeneity. The role of cancer stem cells in cancer tissues resembles the role of normal stem cells in healthy tissue. Cancer stem cells have been first discovered in hematopoietic and later in solid cancers like brain, prostate, colon, pancreas and breast cancer. Identification of these cells in healthy and tumor breast tissue has helped to elucidate the origin of molecular complexity of breast cancer in humans and animals. The cancer stem-cell hypothesis has important implications for early detection and prevention of hereditary and sporadic form of breast cancer in humans. Aberrant stem cells with deregulated self-renewal mechanism are highly resistant to radiation and chemotherapy and therefore represent a central target in development of more effective drugs and therapies for breast cancer treatment.

Keywords:mammary gland, steam cells, cancer, medicine

Similar documents

Similar works from RUL:
Similar works from other Slovenian collections:

Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back