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Metodologija določanja varnosti prehodov za pešce : diplomska naloga
Udovič, Cene (Author), Lipar, Peter (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Logar, Janko (Thesis defence commission member), Dovjak, Mateja (Thesis defence commission member)

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Abstract
Prehodi za pešce so del vsakega prometnega sistema, njihov namen je ustvarjanje varnega okolja za prečkanje vozišča. Številni pomanjkljivo opremljeni prehodi so postavljeni na neustreznih mestih, z veliko gostoto in hitrostjo vozil. Če želimo prepoznati nevarne prehode za pešce in jih uspešno rekonstruirati, moramo najprej definirati jasna merila, na podlagi katerih je mogoče ovrednotiti ustreznost posameznega prehoda. Diplomska naloga podaja osnovo za prometno-varnostno oceno prehodov za pešce. Obravnavani so dejavniki, ki vplivajo na varnost prehoda za pešce, kot so: preglednost, hitrost vožnje, hrapavost vozne površine, osvetljenost in ustrezni ukrepi za umirjanje prometa v okolici prehoda. Opisan je tudi postopek za izračun zamud pešcev, na podlagi katerih se določi nivo uslug prehoda in čakalnih površin za pešce. Metodologijo določanja varnosti prehodov za pešce sem zasnoval po vzoru EuroTest preizkusov, ki so se na pobudo AMZS v Sloveniji že izvajali. Prometnovarnostni parametri so razdeljeni v štiri osnovne kategorije: zasnova prehoda, dnevna vidljivost, nočna vidljivost in dostopnost. V okviru kategorije dostopnost se oceni tudi prilagojenost prehoda hendikepiranim osebam. Vsaka kategorija se oceni z oceno od 1 do 5, oceno varnosti prehoda pa predstavlja zaokroženo povprečje ocen vseh kategorij. Metodologija je bila v praksi uporabljena za test prehodov za pešce na javnih cestah v občini Kočevje. Rezultati so predstavljeni v zadnjem delu diplomske naloge.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gradbeništvo, diplomska naloga, UNI, varnost prehodov za pešce, preglednost, osvetlitev prehodov za pešce, nivo uslug, hrapavost vozne površine, prilagojenost prehodov za pešce hendikepiranim osebam
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2015
Publisher:[C. Udovič]
Number of pages:XII, 72 str., 2 pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:625.7(497.4)(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:6946145 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1545
Downloads:385
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Pedestrian crossing safety - evaluation methodology
Abstract:
Pedestrian crossings are an important part of road transportation systems. They should provide a safe environment for crossing streets. Many crossings are poorly equiped or placed at risky locations with an exessive vehicular traffic volume and high speed limits. To recognize dangerous pedestrian crossing locations and improve their safety, first the criteria for evaluating adequacy of pedestrian crossing should be defined. The thesis proposes methodology for traffic-safety evaluation of pedestrian crossings. It explains factors, which affect crosswalk safety, such as: stopping sight distance, vehicular speeds, pavement surface skid resistance, lightning and appropriate traffic calming treatments. It also describes the method for determining pedestrian delay and crosswalk level of service, which can be included in the analysis of crossing location. Pedestrian crossing safety evaluation methodology is based on EuroTest safety assessments. These have been implemented in Slovenia on AMZS (National Automobile Federation of Slovenia) initiative in the past few years. The traffic safety factors were divided into four groups: crossing system, daylight visibility, nighttime visibility and accessibility. Each group was rated from inadequately to excellent by grades from 1 to 5, whereby the final safety performance is expressed as the average grade of all groups. Using this methodology, pedestrian crossings in the municipality of Kočevje have been tested. Results are presented in the last part of the thesis.

Keywords:graduation thesis, pedestrian crossing safety, stopping sight distance, crosswalk lightning, level of service, skid restistance, traffic calming measures

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