History and present state of the Slano Blato landslide
ID Logar, Janko (Author), ID Fifer Bizjak, Karmen (Author), ID Kočevar, Marko (Author), ID Mikoš, Matjaž (Author), ID Ribičič, Mihael (Author), ID Majes, Bojan (Author)

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PID: 20.500.12556/rul/dc1c133b-c368-4e49-879b-29836bcc5a04

The Slano Blato landslide is more than 1290 m long, 60 to 200 m wide and 3 to 11 m deep with a volume of about 700 000 m(3). It is located in the Eocene flysch region of western Slovenia with a limestone overthrust in the direct vicinity, above the landslide. The landslide moves mainly as a viscous earth flow with occurrences of rapid mud flows. In dry periods or in freezing conditions it behaves as a group of several slow to moderate landslides. The landslide follows the course of the Grajscek stream and is presently only 220 m away from Lokavec village. The landslide was first mentioned about 200 years ago. In 1887 it flowed as a liquid flow and reached and destroyed the main road in the valley 2 km away. The Austro-Hungarian monarchy sent one engineer to the site and 17 years later the slide was remediated with a series of torrential check dams. The monarchy prohibited any construction works in the influence, area of the landslide. During the 20th century the region changed from Austrian, Italian, Yugoslav, and finally to Slovenian government in 1991. The relevant Austrian measures and decisions were forgotten during the course of the years, and building permits were issued after the World War II to local people who populated the part of the landslide influence area. Simultaneously, regular maintenance of the excellent past engineering works was neglected. In November 2000 a large landslide of mud and debris was triggered again and it still presents a danger to the relatively new residential houses today. At present, the village is protected against mudflows by a small rockfill dam and by the regulation of the stream bed. In rainy periods removal of mud is necessary to maintain safe conditions for the village. The paper discusses the geological, hydrogeological, hydrological and geotechnical conditions for the occurrence of the Slano Blato landslide. The primary reasons for the Slano blato landslide are the geological and hydrogeological conditions just beneath the overthrust of a Triassic limestone plateau over the Eocene flysch of Vipava valley. The direct reason for triggering the earth flow in 2000 was the intensive precipitation. During the course of years the precipitation threshold for earth flow movements has diminished. The landslide has to be remediated for two main reasons (1) the village below the landslide is endangered, and (2) the landslide is still advancing retrogressively and laterally. The foreseen permanent remediation measures that are currently under construction are briefly presented.

Keywords:landslide, mudflow, flysch
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Publisher:European Geosciences Union
Number of pages:Str. [447]-457
Numbering:5, 5
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-32168 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:1561-8633
COBISS.SI-ID:2752865 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:10.07.2015
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Natural hazards and earth system sciences
Shortened title:Nat. hazards earth syst. sci.
Publisher:European Geophysical Society
COBISS.SI-ID:2666081 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Keywords:plaz, blatni tok, fliš

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