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Prenos govora v omrežjih LTE
BAVDEK, MATEJ (Author), Hercog, Drago (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V magistrskem delu so predstavljene tehnologije prenosa govora v omrežjih LTE. Z razliko od predhodnih tehnologij, ki so vodovno naravnane, je omrežje LTE paketno naravnano, kar pomeni, da je to omrežje z izključno uporabo protokola IP. Tehnologija VoLTE temelji na podsistemu za prenos multimedije na osnovi protokola IP, ki poleg govornih storitev omogoča še mnoge druge multimedijske storitve. V prvem delu je predstavljeno omrežje LTE, ki je sestavljeno iz dostopovnega in jedrnega omrežja. Ker je omrežje LTE zasnovano povsem na novo, le-to vsebuje drugačne elemente, kot jih poznamo pri tehnologijah GSM/UMTS. V dostopovnem omrežju se uporablja tehnologija sodostopa, ki se razlikuje v primerjavi s predhodnimi generacijami mobilnih omrežij. Nato so prikazani postopki razvoja tehnologije VoLTE. Mobilni operaterji razvijajo tehnologijo VoLTE vzporedno z omrežjem LTE. V začetni fazi, ko je pokritost s tehnologijo LTE še redka, je za prenos govora uporabljen postopek povratka na tehnologijo 2G/3G. Pri naslednji stopnji razvoja prenos govora že poteka preko omrežja LTE z uporabo podsistema IMS, vendar zaradi redkejše pokritosti operaterji uporabijo postopek SRVCC, s čimer je omogočena predaja govorne zveze iz omrežja LTE na omrežje GSM/UMTS. Pri končni stopnji razvoja tehnologije VoLTE je pokritost že zelo dobra, kar omogoča stalno uporabo omenjene tehnologije. Osrednji del obsega podrobnejši opis omenjenih postopkov. Postopek CSFB omogoča uporabo tehnologij GSM/UMTS za prenos govora v fazi razvoja tehnologije VoLTE in je opisan z dohodnim in odhodnim klicem, ko je mobilni terminal priključen v omrežje LTE. Ko mobilni terminal izvede, ali pa prejme klic, slednji poteka preko vmesnika SGs, ki povezuje omrežje LTE z omrežjem GSM/UMTS. V nadaljevanju sta podrobneje predstavljeni arhitekturi omrežja LTE in jedra IMS. Sledita postopka priključitve mobilnega terminala v omrežje LTE in registracije v omrežje IMS. Postopek prenosa govora preko omrežja LTE je opisan z vzpostavitvijo in potekom klica na obeh straneh govorne zveze, nato sledi postopek zaključevanja klica. Ob koncu osrednjega dela sta prikazana postopka, ki omogočata predajo govorne zveze. Prvi je postopek SRVCC, ki omogoča predajo govorne zveze iz omrežja LTE v omrežje GSM/UMTS, ko mobilni terminal preide izven območja pokritosti s tehnologijo LTE. Naslednji postopek opisuje predajo govorne zveze med baznima postajama znotraj omrežja LTE. V zadnjem delu so predstavljene glavne prednosti tehnologije VoLTE, ki omogočajo odlično uporabniško izkušnjo in nudijo konkurenčnost mobilnim operaterjem. Zatem je prikazana primerjava postopkov CSFB in SRVCC.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:omrežje LTE, tehnologija VoLTE, IMS, omrežje GSM, omrežje UMTS, postopek CSFB, postopek SRVCC
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FE - Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Year:2015
Views:867
Downloads:333
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Voice Transmission in LTE Networks
Abstract:
In the master thesis, technologies for voice transmission in LTE networks are presented. Unlike previous technologies, which are circuit-switched, the LTE network is packet-switched, meaning that this is all-IP network. VoLTE technology is based on IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), which, apart from voice services, also allows many other multimedia services. In the first part, LTE network is presented, which consists of access and core network. Due to a completely new design that LTE network has, it contains other elements as there are in the GSM/UMTS technologies. In the access network, multiple access is used that is different from the ones from earlier generations of mobile networks. After that, the development processes of VoLTE technology are shown. Mobile operators are developing the VoLTE technology in parallel with LTE network. In the initial stage, when the coverage with LTE technology is sparse, a circuit switched fallback (CSFB) procedure for the voice transmission is used. At the next stage of development, the voice transmission is already taking place through the LTE network, using IP Multimedia Subsystem, but due to sparse coverage, operators use single radio voice call continuity (SRVCC) procedure to enable voice call handover from LTE network to GSM/UMTS network. In the final stage of VoLTE technology development, the coverage is already very good, which allows continuous using of the technology. The main part of the thesis includes a detailed description of these procedures. The circuit switched fallback allows the use of GSM/UMTS technologies for the voice transmission in the development stage of VoLTE technology and is described with the mobile terminating and mobile originating call, when the mobile terminal is attached to LTE network. When the mobile terminal performs or receives a call, it is done through SGs interface, which connects the LTE network with the GSM/UMTS network. In the next part the architectures of LTE network and IMS core are presented in more detail. After that the mobile terminal LTE attachment and IMS registration procedures are presented. A procedure of voice transmission over LTE network is described with the voice call establishment and the course of the call for the both sides of voice call. Then the voice call clearing procedure follows. Procedures which allow the voice call handover are presented at the end of the main part. The first one of them is a single radio voice call continuity procedure for enabling voice call handover from LTE network to GSM/UMTS network, when mobile terminal leaves the coverage with LTE technology. Next procedure describes a voice call handover between base stations within LTE network. In the last part, the main advantages of VoLTE technology are presented, which allow good quality of experience and offer competitiveness to mobile operators. Then a comparison of CSFB and SRVCC procedures is presented.

Keywords:LTE network, VoLTE technology, IMS, GSM network, UMTS network, CSFB procedure, SRVCC procedure

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