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Densification of wood
Kutnar, Andreja (Author), Šernek, Milan (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://eprints.gozdis.si/198/1/zbgl%2D82%2D6.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Članek obravnava procese, ki potekajo med postopkom zgoščevanja lesa, in podaja pregled dosežkov relevantnih raziskav, v katerih je bilo proučevano zgoščevanje lesa s kombiniranim postopkom hidrotermične obdelave in stiskanja.Predstavljena je viskoelastična narava lesa, skupaj s toplotnim mehčanjem oziroma plastifikacijo. Prikazane so značilne zveze med napetostjo in deformacijo lesa pri zgoščevanju. Pojasnjen je vpliv tehnoloških parametrovzgoščevanja in inherentnih značilnosti lesa, kot so gostota, odstotek kasnega lesa, delež trakovnega tkiva in smer obremenjevanja na končnelastnosti zgoščenega proizvoda. Članek obravnava tudi problem stabilizacije lesa po postopku zgoščevanja. Predstavljeni so relevantni primeri zgoščevanja lesa temeljnih raziskav in rezultati študij, ki so pomembni za aplikacijo. Podan je podroben opis procesa viskoelastične toplotnezgostitve (VTC) lesa.

Language:English
Keywords:les, zgoščevanje, VTC, mehčanje, prečno stiskanje, visokoelastičnost, temperatura steklastega prehoda
Work type:Scientific work (r2)
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2007
Number of pages:str. 53-62
Numbering:Št. 82
UDC:630*82(045)=111
ISSN on article:0351-3114
COBISS.SI-ID:1873062 Link is opened in a new window
Views:415
Downloads:75
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Zbornik gozdarstva in lesarstva
Shortened title:Zb. gozd. lesar.
Publisher:Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za gozdarstvo in obnovljive gozdne vire, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddelek za lesarstvo
ISSN:0351-3114
COBISS.SI-ID:6206978 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
The paper treats the processes involved in wood densification and provides a summary of the state-of-the-art, as presented in the literature, with regard to densification as achieved by compression, accompanied by some form of hydrothermal treatment. The viscoelastic nature of wood is discussed, togetherwith its thermal softening and typical stress-strain relationships. The properties of densified wood products depend, apart from processing parameters, on various anatomical features such as density, the percentage of late wood material, ray volume and the loading direction. The problems associated with wood stabilization after densification are also treated. Relevant examples of wood densification from fundamental research, and the results of applied studies significant for everyday practice, are presented. Aspecial focus is given on the process of viscoelastic thermal compression (VTC) of wood.

Keywords:wood, densification, softening, transverse compression, viscoelasticity, glass transition temperature

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