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Lepljen les za konstrukcijske namene : diplomsko delo
Ščernjavič, Danilo (Author), Šernek, Milan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Resnik, Jože (Reviewer)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.digitalna-knjiznica.bf.uni-lj.si/vs_scernjavic_danilo.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Raziskovali smo mehanske lastnosti različnih lesnih vrst in iz njih izdelanih kompozitov, ter možnost njihove uporabe v konstrukcijske namene. Uporabili smo 2 vrsti lepila in lesne vrste: bukev, smreko, macesen, lipo, brezo in jelšo. Lesove smo med sabo kombinirali v različne sestave lesnih kompozitov in jih nato lepili po vročem ali hladnem postopku. Iz teh lepljencev smo izdelali preskušance za ugotavljanje mehanskih lastnosti, vlažnosti in gostote. Po lepljenju smo izmerili in izračunali tudi izgubo debeline. Preizkus mehanskih lastnosti smo izvajali s pomočjo univerzalnega testirnega stroja Zwick Z100 po standardu SIST EN 310. Gostoto smo merili po standardu SIST EN 323, vlažnost pa po standardu SIST EN 322. Ugotovili smo, da so mehanske lastnosti lesnih kompozitov boljše kot mehanske lastnosti samega masivnega lesa. Prav tako pa imajo lesni kompoziti, zlepljeni po vročem postopku, boljše mehanske lastnosti od lesnih kompozitov, zlepljenih po hladnem postopku. Pri merjenju vlažnosti smo ugotovili, da ni bilo bistvenih razlik med masivnim lesom in lesnimi kompoziti Ugotovili smo tudi, da z lepljenjem lesa povečamo gostoto preskušancev. Lesni kompoziti, zlepljeni po vročem postopku, so imeli največjo, masiven les pa najmanjšo, gostoto.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:les, kompoziti, lepljenje, mehanske lastnosti
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2008
Publisher:[D. Ščernjavič]
Number of pages:X, 67 f., [19 f. pril.]
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:624.011
COBISS.SI-ID:1646985 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1832
Downloads:204
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
Mechanical properties of various wood species and glued composites, so as their applicability in construction purposes, were researched. Various test samples, prepared from different wood species (beech, pine, larch, lime, birch, alder), were glued in combinations using hot and cold gluing procedure. Combined samples were tested for mechanical properties, their moisture and density. After pressing, thickness loss was measured and calculated. Mechanical test was performed with Zwick Z100 machine according tostandard SIST EN 310; density according to standard SIST EN 323, and moisture according to standard SIST EN 322 were also measured. It was discovered that glued wood has better mechanical properties than massive wood,and also that samples made by hot gluing have better mechanical properties than those made by cold gluing. By measuring moisture it was proved that there was no essential difference between glued and massive wood. By density calculation it was found out that by gluing different species of wood the density of samples increases. Wooden composites made by hot gluing have greater density than massive wood.

Keywords:wood, composites, gluing, mechanical properties

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