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Entropične razsežnosti družbenega razvoja
ID Kirn, Andrej (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/db/pdfs/tip20083-4_Kirn.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Človek se je že davno pred odkritjem zakona entropije zavedal entropičnega, minljivega sveta. Življenje se bori za vire nizke entropije in oddaja termodinamsko (toplotno) in materialno entropijo. Znanost je na začetku odkritja zakona entropije izključevala življenje iz entropije. Podobno je kasneje storila z duhom in informacijo. Nelinearna termodinamika je odkrila ustvarjalno vlogo entropije, ni pa spremenila statusa materije v entropičnem procesu. Tudi materija se v zaprtih sistemih nepreklicno razsipa, degradira in postaja nerazpoložljiva za človekovo delo. Človek ne razpolaga vedno s tehnologijami in energijo, da bi razpršeno materijo znova zbral in jo naredil razpoložljivo za svoje delovne procese. Moderne znanstvenotehnične družbe so hkrati vse bolj kompleksne in vse bolj dinamične. Zaradi tega so tudi vse bolj entropične. Upadati začnejo mejni donosi vnosov na različnih področjih. To upadanje se skuša reševati z večjo privatizacijo, s krčenjem socialne države, z večjo svobodo trga, večjo znanstveno ustvarjalnostjo, s tehnično inovativnostjo ipd. Potrebna je nova družbenoekološka paradigma, ki nas bo učila inovativno in vrednotno živeti z omejenimi zmogljivostmi naše biosfere.

Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2008
Number of pages:Str. 249-284
Numbering:Letn. 45, št. 3/4
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-22966 This link opens in a new window
UDC:316.42:502/504
ISSN on article:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:27539805 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:11.07.2014
Views:1312
Downloads:192
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Teorija in praksa : revija za družbena vprašanja
Shortened title:Teor. praksa
Publisher:Visoka šola za politične vede, Visoka šola za politične vede, Visoka šola za sociologijo, politične vede in novinarstvo, Fakulteta za sociologijo, politične vede in novinarstvo, Fakulteta za družbene vede
ISSN:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:763652 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
A human being has always been aware of an experience of entropic, transitory world, even before the discovery of entropic law. The life fights for resources of low entropy and radiates thermodynamic and material entropy. At the beginning of discovery of entropy law the science excluded the notion of life from the notion of entropy. Likewise, the science later excluded from the notion of entropy the mind and information. Nonlinear thermodynamic discovered creative role of entropy but has not changed the status of the matter in the entropic process. Even the matter in the closed system inevitably dissipates, degrades and becomes unavailable for human work. A human being does not always have on disposal technologies and energy to collect dispersed matter and make it available for his own working processes. Modern scientific societies are simultaneously ever more complex and dynamic. Due to this, they are also ever more entropic. Consequently, marginal outputs of inputs start to decrease in various fields. These diminishing marginal returns are tried to be avoided by increased privatisation, limiting of social welfare, greater freedom of the market, greater scientific creativity, technical innovation etc. A new socio-ecological paradigm is needed to teach us how to live in a creative way and in harmony with values that would respect limited capacities of our biosphere.


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