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Primerjava lastnosti sodobnih lesnih premazov za zunanjo uporabo : diplomsko delo (visokošolski strokovni študij)
Hočevar, Matej (Author), Petrič, Marko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Tišler, Vesna (Reviewer)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.digitalna-knjiznica.bf.uni-lj.si/vs_hocevar_matej.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Preučevali smo možnosti uporabe avtomobilskega laka na bukovi in tako imenovanega nanopremaza ter komercialnega premaza na robinijevi podlagi. Vzorce smo izpostavili umetnemu pospešenemu staranju in izmerili debeline filmov, določili permeabilnost, barvo in sijaj. Ugotovili smo, da avtomobilski lak, kljub svoji optimiranosti za uporabo na vozilih, ni primeren za zunanjo zaščito lesa, saj je preveč nepermeabilen. V procesu staranja je površina razpokala; lak se je dobro odrezal le pri zaščiti podlage pred fotodegradacijo in diskoloracijo. Tudi nanopremaz se ni obnesel, saj ni zaščitil podlage pred fotodegradacijo; sijaj se mu je med umetnim pospešenim staranjem občutno spremenil, prav tako je bil podvržen izpiranju s podlage. Komercialni premaz se je izkazal najbolje; permeabilnost je bila zadovoljiva, kar se je kasneje pokazalo tudi pri umetnem pospešenem staranju. Spremembe barve in sijaja bi lahko ocenili kot majhne, saj razen rahle potemnitve in izgube sijaja, površina ni bistveno spremenila svojega izgleda. Menimo, da bi bilo z nadaljnjimi raziskavami smiselno proučiti in primerjati več sodobnih premazov med seboj, se posebno če bi jih dodatno modificirali.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:les, površinska obdelava lesa, nanotehnologija, nanopremazi, avtomobilski lak
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2007
Publisher:[M. Hočevar]
Number of pages:X, 50 f., [4 f. pril.]
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:630*829.19
COBISS.SI-ID:1542281 Link is opened in a new window
Views:496
Downloads:153
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
Possible applications of the automobile coating on beech wood substrate, and the so called nano-coating and the commercially obtainable wood finish on robinia substrate, were studied. The samples were exposed to artificially accelerated ageing. Coating layers thickness was measured and permeability, colour and gloss determined. It was found out that the automobile coating, in spite of its optimal properties for the use on vehicles, is not appropriate for protection of wood exposed outdoors. During the process of aging, the surface of the automobile coating cracked, because it was not permeable enough. This finish proved its applicability only for the protection of a substrate against photodegradation and discolourations. The nano-coating also did not perform well; it did not protect the substrate against photodegradation, and furthermore, its gloss changed during artificial ageing; it also was subjected to leaching. On the contrary, the commercially available and established finish exhibited much better properties. Its permeability was satisfying, what was proved later during the accelerated aging. Changes of colour and gloss were estimated as insignificant - beside only slight darkening and loss of gloss, the appearance of the surface did not change essentially. We believe that it would be well to investigate and compare a wider spectrum of contemporary coatings, especially when additionally modified.

Keywords:wood, surface finishing, nanotechnology, nanocoating, automobile coating

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