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Muslimani v Zahodni Evropi med integracijo in getoizacijo
Osolnik, Marko (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://dk.fdv.uni-lj.si/db/pdfs/tip20034osolnik.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Tematika članka so muslimanske verske manjšine v zahodni Evropi. Večina raziskovalcev se strinja, da v zahodni Evropi živi od 12 do 15 milijonov muslimanov, njihovo število pa zaradi stalnega priseljevanja in razmeroma visoke natalitete hitro narašča. Muslimanske manjšine v zahodni Evropi so večinoma posledica ekonomskih imigracij. Največ zahodnoevropskih muslimanov je naseljenih v treh najštevilčnejših državah (Nemčiji, Franciji in Veliki Britaniji). Zato je v članku tudi obravnavan položaj muslimanov v omenjenih treh državah, in sicer predvsem z vidika njihove integriranosti oziroma getoiziranosti znotraj družbe - gostiteljice. Temeljna ugotovitev je, da so muslimani, kljub dejstvu, da praviloma opravljajo najslabše plačana dela, v ekonomskem smislu vključeni v družbo, politično in kulturno pa ne. Najslabši je njihov položaj v Nemčiji, kjer je etnocentrični koncept nemškega naroda (Blut und Boden) do nedavnega onemogočal, da bi nemški muslimani - ti so večinoma turškega porekla - pridobili državljanstvo. V zadnjih letih se tudi med muslimani v zahodni Evropi širijo bolj fundamentalistične interpretacije islama: ta pojav je posledica tako procesov v širšem islamskem svetu kot tudi odziv na marginaliziranost muslimanov v državah - gostiteljicah.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:nacionalizem, ksenofobija, Zahodna Evropa
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2003
Number of pages:Str. 696-705
Numbering:Letn. 40, št. 4
UDC:28
ISSN on article:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:22299741 This link opens in a new window
Views:864
Downloads:611
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Teorija in praksa
Shortened title:Teor. praksa
Publisher:Visoka šola za politične vede
ISSN:0040-3598
COBISS.SI-ID:763652 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
The article deals with Muslim religious minorities in Western Europe. Most of the scholars agree that there are between 12 and 15 millions of Muslims livingin that part of Europe. However, this number has been rising rapidly due to the constant immigration and relatively high fertility rate. Muslim minorities in Western Europe are, to a large extent, results of economic immigration. The bulk of West European Muslims is settled in the three most numerous countries of Western Europe - Germany, France and Britain. The author deals with Muslims in the above-mentioned countries, mainly from the vantage point of their integration/getoisation in their host - societies. The main idea is that Muslims, despite the fact that they usually have the lowest paid jobs, are economically integrated in the society at large. On the other hand, they are still not integrated in terms of culture and politics. This is especially true in Germany, where ethnocentric concept of German nation (Blut und Boden) until recently obstructed Muslims - they are mostly of Turkish extraction - to acquire German citizenship. The fact is that in the last few years more fundamentalist interpretations have been spreading among the Muslims in Western Europe: this phenomenon has been partly caused by processesin the wider Islamic world, but it is also a reaction of Muslims on their marginalisation within their host societies.

Keywords:nationalism, xenophobia, Western Europe

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