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Primernost drevesnih vrst za umetno obnovo gramoznic na Kranjskem polju : diplomsko delo (visokošolski strokovni študij - 1. stopnja)
ID Štular, Primož (Author), ID Brus, Robert (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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MD5: 6DB06C69D7DFC4A69B69B5C9826985E7
PID: 20.500.12556/rul/c876a230-8b95-46a8-b254-2aae38706473

Abstract
Diplomska naloga predstavlja rezultate uspešnosti sadnje gorskega javorja, navadne smreke, divje češnje, navadne bukve ter setve hrasta gradna na sanirane gramoznice. Gramoznice predstavljajo problem degradacije gozdne površine in trajno spremembo tal. Raziskava ugotavlja primernost posameznih drevesnih vrst ter njihove glavne pomanjkljivosti in prednosti v odvisnosti odlokalnih razmer na treh izbranih ploskvah, od koder so tudi zbrani podatki. Na vseh treh ploskvah smo prešteli vsa posajena drevesa, jih kategorizirali v tri skupine (vitalna, hirajoča ali poškodovana, odmrla) in primerjali glede na podatke o sadnji iz evidence na Krajevni enoti Kranj (ZGS, OE Kranj). Nato smo na osnovi podatkov in opazovanj določili relativno uspešnost in njihovo preživitveno nišo glede na del ploskve, kjer najbolje uspevajo. Kot najprimernejša drevesna vrsta z široko ekološko amplitudo se je izkazala navadna smreka, nekoliko otjo ima gorski javor, najotjo, vezano povsem na jutni del ploskve, pa navadna bukev. Divja češnja ima podobne rastiščne zahteve kot gorski javor, vendar pa prenese manj stresa kot gorski javor, zato je se je sadnja češnje izkazala kot neprimerna. Na osnovi setve gradna smo prav tako prišli do negativnih zaključkov o primernosti te drevesne vrste za pogozdovanje saniranih gramoznic. Predstavljeni so tudi predlogi na podlagi rezultatov za pogozdovanje gramoznic v prihodnje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gozdovi, gozdarstvo, umetna obnova, sanacija, gramoznice, navadna smreka, Picea abies, navadna bukev, Fagus sylvatica, gorski javor, Acer pseudolatanus, divja češnja, Prunus avium, graden, Quercus petraea
Work type:Undergraduate thesis
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Publisher:[P. Štular]
Year:2011
Number of pages:VII, 31 f.
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-17762 This link opens in a new window
UDC:630*23(043.2)=163.6
COBISS.SI-ID:3243942 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:11.07.2014
Views:2150
Downloads:352
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
The thesis presents the result of efficiency in planting sycamore maple, norway spruce, wild cherry and common beech trees and sessile oak sowing on the reorganized gravel pits. Gravel pits present the problem of forest surfacedegradation and permanent change of the soil. The study notes the appropriateness of individual tree species and their main weaknesses and strengths, depending on local conditions on the three selected plots from which data have been collected. On all three plots every planted tree has beencounted, categorized in three groups (vital, dying or damaged, dead) and compared according to the data from the planting records of the local unit Kranj (Slovenia Forest Service, OE Kranj). Then, according to the data and observation, the relative effectiveness and their viability niche has been determined on the basis of the part of the plot where they are the most successful. As it shows, the most appropriate tree species with a wide ecological amplitude is norway spruce, sycamore maple has a slightly narrower ecological amplitude, but the narrowest,amplitude completely tied to the southern part of the plane, turns out to be the common beech. Wild cherry has similar habitat requirements as maple, but it can bear less stress than maple.For this reason the wild cherry planting turns out to be inappropriate. Based on the sessile oak sowing, what ha salso been reached are negative conclusions on the suitability of this tree species for afforestation of reorganized gravel pits, As a result of future gravel pits afforestation proposals have also been made.


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