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Ocenjevanje krajinske zgradbe na Pohorju : diplomsko delo (univerzitetni študij)
Šlaus, Breda (Author), Hladnik, David (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V okolju GIS smo analizirali krajinsko zgradbo in prostorsko razporeditev rabeprostora na Pohorju. Na podlagi razlik v krajinski zgradbi smo določili krajinske tipe. Ugotovili smo, da je samo na Vršnih delih Pohorja gozdna krajina, v ostalih pokrajinskoekoloških podenotah pa je gozdnata krajina. Današnjo krajinsko zgradbo v k.o. Lovrenc na Pohorju in k.o. Kumen smo primerjali s krajinsko zgradbo v obdobju jožefinskih vojaških zemljevidov (18.st.) in franciscejskega katastra (19. st.). Ugotovili smo, da se v k.o. Lovrenc na Pohorju delež gozda zmanjšuje na račun širitve naselij. Obratno je v k.o. Kumen, kjer delež gozda narašča zaradi opuščanja kmetijske dejavnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Pohorje, sprememba krajine, fragmentacija krajine, členitev krajine, Natura 2000, gozdni habitatni tipi, globin anotranjega okolja gozdov
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2007
Publisher:[B. Šlaus]
Number of pages:IX, 86 f.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:630*9(497.4 Pohorje)(043.2)=163.6
COBISS.SI-ID:2115750 This link opens in a new window
Views:740
Downloads:351
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
We analysed the landscape structure and spatial distribution of land use in Pohorje within the Geographic Information System. Landscape types were determined on the basis of differences in landscape structure. We found that there is forest landscape in highland part of Pohorje only, whereas in other landscape-ecological subunits of Pohorje forested landscape is the prevailing type. The current landscape structure in cadastral municipalities Lovrenc na Pohorju and Kumen was compared with landscape structure shown in military mapsof Austrian Emperor Joseph II (18th century) and with the 19th century Franciscean land register. We found that the area of forest in cadastral municipality Lovrenc na Pohorju was reduced in the last 181 years from 20,7 % to 16,7 % due to the expansion of settlements. In cadastral municipality Kumen, the agricultural areas in steep slopes and those far away from the houses were abandoned around 1960 and afforested with spruce trees. Consequently, the area of non-forest ground is smaller than it was in the past. The area of forest has grown in the years 1825 - 2006 from 86 % to 90,6 % of cadastral municipality.


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