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Comparison of hydraulic, pneumatic and electric linear actuation systems
ID Pustavrh, Jan (Author), ID Hočevar, Marko (Author), ID Podržaj, Primož (Author), ID Trajkovski, Ana (Author), ID Majdič, Franc (Author)

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Abstract
Diferent applications or industries use diferent systems for linear actuation, such as hydraulic, pneumatic or electric. Electric systems are becoming increasingly popular and are already replacing hydraulic systems in various applications. These are known to be potentially harmful to the environment, as large amounts of fuid can be released into the environment in the event of a pipe burst or other accident. This paper presents the results of a comparison between hydraulic, pneumatic and electric systems under variable conditions but with similar loads in all three systems. The common feature of all three systems is the input power, which was limited to 1.1 kW. There was no hydraulic accumulator in the hydraulic system and no pressure vessel in the pneumatic system, so no stored energy could infuence the system behaviour or results. The main diference between the systems studied was the profle of displacement and power consumption. The most consistent response and lowest power consumption were obtained with the electric system, although both hydraulic and pneumatic systems can achieve consistent response with some modifcations.

Language:English
Keywords:hydraulics, pneumatics, electrics, system response, linear actuators
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2023
Number of pages:13 str.
Numbering: [Vol.] ǂ13, [article no.] 20938
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-154041 This link opens in a new window
UDC:62-5
ISSN on article:2045-2322
DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-47602-x This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:180546307 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:22.01.2024
Views:244
Downloads:29
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Scientific reports
Shortened title:Sci. rep.
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
COBISS.SI-ID:18727432 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:hidravlika, pnevmatika, elektrika, odzivnost sistema, linearni aktuators

Projects

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P2-0231
Name:Tribologija

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