Knitting towards sustainability, circular economy and Industry 4.0
ID Pavko Čuden, Alenka (Author)

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As part of the recent trend towards sustainability in modern society, in general, the knitting sector has done its part to emphasise social responsibility and the careful use of resources. Focus has been placed on reusing, recycling and upcycling raw materials and reducing or even eliminating knitting waste. Manufacturers and users have rethought processes, production and consumption volumes. Sustainable preparation and finishing processes have been developed. Knitting machines that offer environmentally friendly manufacturing techniques with less impact on people and the environment and production methods that significantly reduce the wasted or unproductive time between manufacturing phases have been favoured. Sustainability is not just a new approach or a trend that is fashionable right now, but a must, a compelling concept for the survival of businesses in the future. Knitting as a unique technology spans quite opposite poles: hand and machine production, hobby and money‐making, individual and mass production, assembled and seamless products, fashion and technical market, and so forth. As such, it can adapt, expand and evolve towards sustainability, circular economy and Industry 4.0. This paper provides an overview of the versatility and complexity of knitting today, as well as its sustainability potential, optimisation and merging within knitting and with other processes and opportunities for transition to the circular economy and Industry 4.0, covering digitalisation, the Internet of things and robotisation in knitting. It also analyses the market for knitting machines, knitted fabrics and knitted goods, and addresses the pitfalls of consumerism.

Keywords:circular economy, ecodesign, Industry 4.0, knitting, sustainability
Work type:Article
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:16 str.
Numbering:Vol. 2, iss. 6, art. e202200087
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-152843 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2702-4288
DOI:10.1002/appl.202200087 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:141924099 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:08.12.2023
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Applied research
COBISS.SI-ID:141853443 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.

Secondary language

Keywords:krožno gospodarstvo, ekodizajn, industrija 4.0, pletenje, trajnost


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P2-0213
Name:Tekstilije in ekologija

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