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Ohranjanje biotske raznovrstnosti v slovenskem kmetijstvu v luči mednarodne pravne ureditve : magistrsko delo [študij varstvo naravne dediščine]
Žigo Jonozovič, Aleksandra (Author), Šalehar, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kreft, Ivan (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
V nalogi obravnavamo problematiko varstva kmetijske biotske raznovrstnosti v Sloveniji s poudarkom na pravni ureditvi tega področja. Z analizo pravnih virov, programskih in drugih dokumentov smo ugotovili odstopanja od evropskih in svetovnih načinov ohranjanja in dogajanj. Predstavili smo dinamiko dogodkovin dokumentov v svetovnem merilu in v Evropski uniji ter v ta okvir umestili dejavnosti in stanje v Sloveniji. Predstavili smo tudi dogajanja, povezana s pojmom intelektualne lastnine nad genskimi viri v kmetijstvu. Ugotovili smo, da so v slovenski zakonodaji s področja ohranjanja biotske raznovrstnosti v kmetijstvu določene terminološke praznine in pomanjkljivosti;ni povezave med okoljsko in kmetijsko zakonodajo glede kmetijskih genskih virov; ni zadovoljivo rešeno področje intelektualne lastnine in dostopa do kmetijskih genskih virov ter ni usklajenega razvoja predpisov s področja ohranjanja rastlinskih in živalskih genskih virov v kmetijstvu. Prav tako ni nacionalnega telesa, ki bi koordiniralo delo na tem področju. V nalogi smo razčlenili pojem avtohton kmetijski genski material teroblikovali predlog sheme njegovega opredeljevanja. Predstavili smo tudi možen način umeščanja delov biotske raznovrstnosti v okoljsko zakonodajo prek dodeljevanja statusa naravne vrednote tistim delom biotske raznovrstnosti v kmetijstvu, ki imajo za Slovenijo določeno zgodovinsko, kulturno in znanstvenovrednost. Slovenija potrebuje zakon, ki bi celovito obravnaval področje ohranjanja biotske raznovrstnosti v kmetijstvu in postavil trdne temelje njegovega razvoja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kmetijstvo, biotska raznovrstnost, avtohtone pasme, avtohtone sorte rastlin, zakonodaja, intelektualna lastnina, Slovenija
Work type:Master's thesis (m2)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2004
Publisher:[A. Žigo Jonozovič]
Number of pages:XIII, 113 str.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:631(043.2)=863
COBISS.SI-ID:427383 Link is opened in a new window
Views:787
Downloads:233
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
This thesis deals with the issues associated with the protection of the agricultural biodiversity in Slovenia, with an emphasis on the legal regulations in this area. After analyzing the legal sources, stratigic programs and other pertinent documents, we have determined the deviations in Slovenia from European and international norms of conservation and its associated activities. The state of affairs in Slovenia is examined within theframework of the European Union and activities taking place on the international level. The concept of intellectual property rights over agricultural genetic resources is also examined. Slovenian legislation concerning the protection of agricultural biodiversity suffers from both a lack of defined terminology and deficiencies in the terminology that does exist. In Slovenia, there is no connection between environmental and agricultural legislation regarding agricultural genetic resources; there is nosatisfactory resolution to outstanding issues in the area of intellectual property and in the area of access to agricultural genetic resources; and there is no harmonized development of regulations in the area of conservation of the genetic resources of plants and animals in agriculture. There is also no national body to coordinate work in this area. In this paper we have analyzed the concept of autochthonous agricultural genetic material and proposed a scheme for defining it. We have also proposed a possible way of inserting aspects of biodiversity into the environmental legislation by assigning the status of "natural value" to those aspects of agricultural genetic diversity which have a particular historical, cultural, and scientificvalue for Slovenia. Slovenia needs legislation that will completely cover the area of conservation of agricultural biodiversity and become a firm basis on which further development in this area can take place.


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