Seasonal dynamics of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), in apple orchards of western Slovenia using two trap types
ID Rot, Mojca (Author), ID Persolja, Jolanda (Author), ID Bohinc, Tanja (Author), ID Žežlina, Ivan (Author), ID Trdan, Stanislav (Author)

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The invasive Halyomorpha halys is a serious pest for several fruit trees, causing millions of dollars of crop damage every year across the world’s major fruit-growing regions. Once established in an orchard, H. halys quickly becomes the predominant stink bug species and is a major season-long pest. Annual increases in the population size of H. halys have resulted in increased pest pressure and a growing risk of severe crop damage. Reliable monitoring is indispensable for H. halys control and management, providing comprehensive information on the seasonality of pest population dynamics, abundance, and interaction with the environment, and is essential for the successful implementation of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies to prevent crop damage. Our study followed the seasonal population dynamics of H. halys in three apple orchards in the Goriška region of western Slovenia over the period 2019–2021. Pherocon® Dual Panel Adhesive Traps (Trece Inc.) and pyramidal Rescue® Stink Bug Traps, both baited with Trécé lures (two-component H. halys aggregation pheromone + pheromone synergist), were used to monitor H. halys adults and nymphs weekly from late March to the end of November. Captures taken with both types of trap clearly describe the seasonal dynamics of H. halys, with the first occurrence of overwintering adults in April and May, and with two peak occurrences in adults, in the middle of summer and in the beginning of autumn, corresponding to the appearance of two generations per year in the study area. The growing trap captures observed during the 3-year monitoring period suggest that H. halys was only recently introduced to the area and that natural enemies have not yet been fully recruited. Pyramid traps captured significantly more adults and nymphs than clear sticky traps and provided accurate monitoring of H. halys life stages throughout the season. Regardless of the lower trap catches of adults and juveniles, clear sticky traps clearly displayed H. halys seasonal dynamics pattern. Therefore, their use is recommended as an early detection tool in areas where pests are not yet present, or in areas with small H. halys populations. Halyomorpha halys adult trap captures were higher in Šempeter orchards, within areas of great landscape diversity and a large share of urban land. The seasonal dynamics of H. halys over the 3-year period were closely related to weather conditions, with temperature and relative humidity as the major factors affecting population growth.

Keywords:Halyomorpha halys, invasive species, population dynamics, landscape diversity, pheromone trap, brown marmorated stink bug, seasonal dynamics, orchards
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:22 str.
Numbering:Vol. 13, iss. 8, art. 1500
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-148250 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2077-0472
COBISS.SI-ID:160739331 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:07.08.2023
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Shortened title:Agriculture
COBISS.SI-ID:523634201 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.

Secondary language

Keywords:škodljivci rastlin, marmorirana smrdljivka, invazivne vrste, tujerodne vrste, populacijska dinamika, feromonske vabe, sezonska dinamika, sadovnjaki


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:V4-2002-2020
Name:Obvladovanje marmorirane smrdljivke v Sloveniji

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