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Dolžina obdobja dojenja kot dejavnik rasti pri otrocih
ID Čepin, Jerneja (Author), ID Golja, Petra (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Raziskave, ki se osredotočajo na vpliv prehrane na rast in razvoj otrok preko daljšega časovnega obdobja so redke. V magistrski nalogi smo na vzorcu 81 otrok (36 deklic in 45 dečkov), vključenih v študijo Moje mleko 2, po posameznih meritvenih obdobjih (pri 1, 3 in 7 letu starosti) ovrednotili antropometrični status otrok, (izključno) dojenih različno dolgo (manj oz. več kot 6 mesecev). Določili smo njihovo stopnjo hranjenosti in raziskali, kako njihove matere upoštevajo smernice Svetovne zdravstvene organizacije (angl. World Health Organisation, WHO) glede optimalnega trajanja obdobja dojenja. V povprečju so matere izključno dojile 5,5 (1) mesecev in delno dojile 12,2 (6,7) mesecev. Nekoliko manj kot polovica mater je upoštevala smernice WHO glede priporočene dolžine obdobja dojenja. Med skupinama različno dolgo dojenih otrok ni bilo značilnih razlik v telesni višini, telesni masi in centilnih vrednostih telesne višine in mase. Dlje časa dojeni otroci imajo v povprečju značilno nižji indeks telesne mase (ITM) in centilne vrednosti ITM (c_ITM) v primerjavi z otroki, dojenimi krajši čas. Večina razlik med skupinama gre na račun sprememb v telesni masi. Številčno je skupni odstotek prekomerno hranjenih in debelih otrok v skupini otrok, dojenih krajši čas, višji kot v skupini otrok, dojenih daljši čas.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana otrok, dojenje, priporočila, rast, razvoj, študija Moje mleko 2
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2023
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-147816 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:158834179 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:13.07.2023
Views:455
Downloads:68
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Lenght of the breastfeeding period as a growth determinant in children
Abstract:
Research focusing on the impact of early nutrition on children's growth and development over time is scarce. In this master’s thesis, we evaluated the anthropometric status of children (exclusively) breastfed for different lengths of time (less than or more than 6 months) at different measurement periods (1, 3 and 7 years of age) in a sample of 81 children (36 girls and 45 boys) included in the My Milk 2 study. We determined their weight status and investigated how their mothers adhered to the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines on the optimal duration of breastfeeding period. On average, mothers exclusively breastfed for 5,5 (1,0) months and partially breastfed for 12,2 (6,7) months. Slightly less than half of mothers followed the WHO guidelines on the recommended length of the breastfeeding period. There were no significant differences in body height, body weight and centile values for height and weight between the groups of children breastfed for different lengths of time. Children breastfed for longer periods had significantly lower Body Mass Index (BMI) and centile BMI (c_BMI) values compared to children breastfed for shorter periods. Most of the differences between the two groups are due to changes in body weight. Numerically, the overall percentage of overweight and obese children is higher in the group of children breastfed for a shorter period than in the group of children breastfed for a longer period.

Keywords:child nutrition, breastfeeding, nutritional reference values, growth, development, My milk 2 study

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