Growth response of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.) to climate factors along the Carpathian massive
ID Adamič, Pia Caroline (Author), ID Levanič, Tom (Author), ID Hanzu, Mihail (Author), ID Čater, Matjaž (Author)

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European forests are becoming increasingly threatened by climate change and more frequent droughts. The likely responses of species to climate change will vary, affecting their competitiveness, their existence, and consequently, forest management decisions and measures. We determined the influence of climate on the radial growth of European beech and silver fir along the Carpathians to find similarities between the two species and the main differences. Along the Carpathian Mountains, seven sites with mature fir–beech stands above 800 m above sea level were selected and analyzed. Our study confirmed different responses depending on species and location. A more pronounced response of tree growth to climate was observed on the eastern side of the Carpathians, while it was less expressed or even absent on the southern sites. Both beech and fir show better radial growth with higher precipitation in July and slower growth with higher average and maximum temperatures in June of the current year. Fir demonstrates a positive correlation between radial growth and temperature in winter, while beech demonstrates a negative correlation between radial growth and temperature in summer. In the 1951–1960 decade, the average tree ring widths in fir and beech were largest at the southern sites compared to the other sites, but since 2011, the southern sites have had the lowest increase while northern sites have had the largest. Both species respond differently to climate and are likely to follow different competitive paths in the future.

Keywords:climate change, dendrochronology, radial growth response, meteorological parameters
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Publication date:01.01.2023
Number of pages:13 str.
Numbering:Vol. 14, iss. 7 [article no. 1318]
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-147269 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:1999-4907
DOI:10.3390/f14071318 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:157075203 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:28.06.2023
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Shortened title:Forests
COBISS.SI-ID:3872166 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.

Secondary language

Keywords:podnebne spremembe, dendrokronologija, radialna rast, meteorološki podatki


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J4-3086-2021
Name:Ekofiziološki, morfološki in rastni odzivi jelke in bukve vzdolž geografskega gradienta – izhodišče za napovedovanje prihodnjih razvojnih trendov

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J4-8216-2017
Name:Mortaliteta v nižinskih hrastovih sestojih Panonske nižine - posledica zniževanja podtalnice ali klimatskih sprememb?

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P4-0107-2020
Name:Gozdna biologija, ekologija in tehnologija

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