Generation of a focused pressure wave and localized cavitation clouds using a metal-semiconductor Ti/black-TiO$_x$ optoacoustic lens
ID Tašič Muc, Blaž (Author), ID Vella, Daniele (Author), ID Lukač, Nejc (Author), ID Kos, Matjaž (Author), ID Jezeršek, Matija (Author)

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The optoacoustic (OA) generation of pressure waves above the cavitation threshold causes the rupture of the liquid and the formation of dispersed cavities. The OA lenses involved in this process are generally associated with an ultra-short laser pulse to generate high-frequency ultrasound. OA elements based on carbon nanomaterials or ultrathin metal layers have shown they can deliver high-pressure ultrasound for therapeutic treatments that require high spatial resolution. Secondary processes, induced by a transient pressure, such as cavitation bubbles and shock waves, can lead to a more intense pressure transient. Hence, understanding their dynamics within an OA process and harnessing the spatial localization have become relevant for biomedical applications. Here, we show a single-laser-pulse-induced acoustic wave and the localization of inertial cavitation in an OA process employing a metal-semiconductor Ti/black-TiO$_x$ lens as an active component. Detection methods based on Schlieren photography and a laser beam-transmission probe (BTP) were used to study the dynamics. The phenomena were described at different laser-excitation energies (E$_L$), showing an increase in the bubble population confined to the focal region of the lens. The size of the bubbles increases monotonically with the laser's fluence and their distribution becomes denser and more elongated as a result of the increasing of the pressure-activated nucleation sites and of the bubble-bubble overlapped area. The stochastic nature of the cavities is spatially mapped, showing a probability distribution close to the focal region, which reaches 50% of its value for the cavitation fluence F$_{cav}$ = 1.2 J/cm$^2$. Our results demonstrate how the spatial distribution and penetration depth of the bubble cloud can be shaped by tuning the E$_L$. The possibility to tailor the localized cavities and secondary ablative effects paves the way for the development of inexpensive technologies based on the photodisruption of localized subsurface tissues.

Keywords:black-TiO$_x$, optoacoustic lens, acoustic cavitation, laser induced ultrasound
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:9 str.
Numbering:Vol. 20, art. 103721
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-138453 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2211-3797
DOI:10.1016/j.rinp.2020.103721 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:43842819 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:21.07.2022
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Results in physics
COBISS.SI-ID:519428121 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.

Secondary language

Keywords:črni TiO$_x$, optoakustična leča, akustična kavitacija, lasersko induciran ultrazvok


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:L2-1833
Name:Lasersko vzbujena podpovršinska mikrodestrukcija tkiva (LasDes)

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P2-0392

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Slovenia, Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, LASPRO

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:NI-0001
Name:Novi visoko občutljivi in hitri senzorji za spremljanje kakovosti vode

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:N2-0091
Name:Krojenje kristalne strukture nanomaterialov

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