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Eutypella parasitica and other frequently isolated fungi in wood of dead branches of young Sycamore Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) in Slovenia
ID Brglez, Ana (Author), ID Piškur, Barbara (Author), ID Ogris, Nikica (Author)

URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://doi.org/10.3390/f11040467 This link opens in a new window
URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/11/4/467 This link opens in a new window
URLURL - Source URL, Visit http://dirros.openscience.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=11956 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Eutypella parasitica R.W. Davidson and R.C. Lorenz is the causative agent of Eutypella canker of maple, a destructive disease of maples in Europe and North America. The fungus E. parasitica infects the trunk through a branch stub or bark wound. Because the fungal community may have an impact on infection and colonization by E. parasitica, the composition of fungi colonizing wood of dead branches of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) was investigated in five sampling sites in Slovenia. Forty samples from each sampling site were collected between the November 2017 and March 2018 period. Isolations were made from the wood in the outer part of dead branches and from discoloured wood in the trunk that originated from a dead branch. Pure cultures were divided into morphotypes, and one representative culture per morphotype was selected for further molecular identification. From a total of 2700 cultured subsamples, 1744 fungal cultures were obtained, which were grouped into 212 morphotypes. The investigated samples were colonized by a broad spectrum of fungi. The most frequently isolated species were Eutypa maura (Fr.) Sacc., Eutypa sp. Tul. and C. Tul., Fusarium avenaceum (Fr.) Sacc., Neocucurbitaria acerina Wanas., Camporesi, E.B.G. Jones and K.D. Hyde and E. parasitica. In this study, we distinguished species diversity and the fungal community. There were no significant differences in the diversity of fungal species between the five sampling sites, and branch thickness did not prove to be a statistically significant factor in fungal species diversity. Nevertheless, relatively low Jaccard similarity index values suggested possible differences in the fungal communities from different sampling sites. This was confirmed by an analysis of similarities, which showed that the isolated fungal community distinctly differed between the five sampling sites and between the different isolation sources. Eutypella parasitica was isolated from all five investigated sampling sites, although Eutypella cankers were observed in only three sampling sites, indicating the possibility of asymptomatic infection.

Language:English
Keywords:fungal composition, invasive species, diversity, fungal communities, molecular identification, frequencies, Jaccard similarity index, Eutypella parasitica, analysis of similarities, colonization
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication version:Version of Record
Publication date:01.01.2020
Year:2020
Number of pages:Str. 1-18
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss.ǂ4, article 467
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-138142 This link opens in a new window
UDC:630*
ISSN on article:1999-4907
DOI:10.3390/f11040467 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:5655206 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:12.07.2022
Views:480
Downloads:59
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Forests
Shortened title:Forests
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4907
COBISS.SI-ID:3872166 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:12.07.2022

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:sestava glivnih vrst, invazivna vrsta, pestrost, združbe gliv, molekularno določanje, Jaccardov indeks podobnosti, Eutypella parasitica, analiza podobnosti, kolonizacija, frekvence

Projects

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P4-0107-2020
Name:Gozdna biologija, ekologija in tehnologija

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Ministrstvo za kmetijstvo, gozdarstvo in prehrano
Project number:JGS
Name:Javna gozdarska služba
Acronym:JGS

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:MR
Name:Mladi raziskovalec
Acronym:MR

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