Trends in modern society, such as population ageing, urbanization, eating habits and unhealthy lifestyle, bring with them many chronic diseases, including diabetes. The number of people suffering from diabetes is growing rapidly. Experts estimate that by 2045, there will be more than 700 million people suffering from diabetes in the world. Due to the growing number of people with diabetes, there is also a growing need for quality health care, which can be provided massively with the use of telemedicine. When introducing telemedicine in the treatment of diabetes, it is important to put the patient and his needs first. Using the method of specific literature review, the aim of the diploma thesis is to identify key acceptance factors of telemedicine among diabetic patients and to find out the most used methodological approaches in detecting acceptance factors. In the electronic bibliographic databases CINAHL (subbases MEDLINE and Academic Search Complete), ScienceDirect and PubMed, as well as additional literature, I obtained a total of 18 papers, published after year 2014 and written in English. I found that key factors in the acceptance of telemedicine among diabetic patients include the characteristics of the technology and perceived ease of use, the degree of involvement of healthcare professionals, the patient's age and education, and digital literacy and attitudes toward new technologies. Due to the diversity of obtained studies, it was more difficult to identify the most used methodological approaches, but the authors mostly used qualitative approaches when studying the factors of telemedicine acceptance.