Social class and ethnocentric worldviews : assessing the effect of socioeconomic status on attitudes in serbia and croatia
ID Pavasović Trošt, Tamara (Author), ID Marinšek, Denis (Author)

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The link between socioeconomic status (SES) and ethnocentric worldviews is well established in the literature, with countless studies showing the effect of SES on a variety of attitudes, preferences, lifestyles, and behaviors. This literature has been revisited in recent studies on the resurgence of the Far Right, with claims of the rise of “working-class populism,” according to which the working class is more likely to identify with right-wing and populist claims. In the post-Yugoslav context, along with the turbulent socioeconomic and political transformation from socialism, research has also shown that “everyday” people’s understandings of themselves and of others are very much stratified by education, occupational status, urban/rural residence, and region, pointing to a marked effect of SES on civic/ethnic identification, attachment to Europe, ethnic exclusivism, and gender/sexual conservatism. Yet, the nature of the link between socioeconomic status and nationalist attitudes is still insufficiently understood. In this article, we go beyond the traditional focus on cultural explanations, instead relying on cross-sectional quantitative survey data to shed light on important class differences in worldviews of people living in Croatia and Serbia. We find that education remains the most robust predictor of nationalist attitudes, while age, gender, income, and religiosity matter to various degrees. We conclude with a discussion on the continuing importance of SES in understanding ethnocentric worldviews, from Brexit and Trump to the former Yugoslavia.

Keywords:Serbia, Croatia, social classes, post-socialist countries, socio-economic status, class, nationalism, Balkans
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:EF - School of Economics and Business
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Author Accepted Manuscript
Publication date:01.06.2022
Number of pages:Str. 39-61
Numbering:Vol. 51, iss. 2
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-137532 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:0967-067X
DOI:10.1525/j.postcomstud.2022.55.2.39 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:110450435 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:21.06.2022
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Communist and post-communist studies
Shortened title:Communist post-communist stud.
Publisher:University of California Press
COBISS.SI-ID:15992157 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Keywords:Srbija, Hrvaška, družbeni razredi, postsocialistične dežele


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Funding programme:Raziskovalni program
Project number:P5-0128
Name:Izzivi vključujočega in trajnostnega razvoja v prevladujoči paradigmi ekonomskih in poslovnih znanosti

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