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CSI Pollen : diversity of honey bee collected pollen studied by citizen scientists
ID Brodschneider, Robert (Author), ID Božič, Janko (Author), ID Podrižnik, Blaž (Author), et al.

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Abstract
A diverse supply of pollen is an important factor for honey bee health, but information about the pollen diversity available to colonies at the landscape scale is largely missing. In this COLOSS study, beekeeper citizen scientists sampled and analyzed the diversity of pollen collected by honey bee colonies. As a simple measure of diversity, beekeepers determined the number of colors found in pollen samples that were collected in a coordinated and standardized way. Altogether, 750 beekeepers from 28 different regions from 24 countries participated in the two-year study and collected and analyzed almost 18,000 pollen samples. Pollen samples contained approximately six different colors in total throughout the sampling period, of which four colors were abundant. We ran generalized linear mixed models to test for possible effects of diverse factors such as collection, i.e., whether a minimum amount of pollen was collected or not, and habitat type on the number of colors found in pollen samples. To identify habitat effects on pollen diversity, beekeepers’ descriptions of the surrounding landscape and CORINE land cover classes were investigated in two different models, which both showed that both the total number and the rare number of colors in pollen samples were positively affected by ‘urban’ habitats or ‘artificial surfaces’, respectively. This citizen science study underlines the importance of the habitat for pollen diversity for bees and suggests higher diversity in urban areas.

Language:English
Keywords:Apis mellifera, citizen science, foraging ecology, nutrition, diversity, landscape, season, COLOSS
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2021
Number of pages:24 str.
Numbering:Vol. 12, iss. 11, art. 987
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-137386 This link opens in a new window
UDC:638
ISSN on article:2075-4450
DOI:10.3390/insects12110987 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:111635971 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:15.06.2022
Views:592
Downloads:97
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Insects
Shortened title:Insects
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2075-4450
COBISS.SI-ID:519122457 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:02.11.2021

Projects

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:COLOSS
Acronym:CSI Pollen

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:C. B. Dennis British Beekeepers Research Trust

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Danish Beekeepers Association

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Devon Apicultural Research Group

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Dutch Beekeepers association ABTB/ANI

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Edinburgh and Midlothian Beekeepers’ Association

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Lochaber Beekeepers’ Association

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Norwegian Beekeepers Association

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Science and Advice for Scottish Agriculture

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Promilleafgiftsfonden Denmark

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Rijk Zwaan

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Slovakia, Scientific Grant Agency VEGA
Project number:1/0511/15

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Vinetum Foundation

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Austria, Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Managemen
Project number:100972
Name:Zukunft Biene

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