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What individuals experience during visuo-spatial working memory task performance : an exploratory phenomenological study
ID Oblak, Aleš (Author), ID Slana Ozimič, Anka (Author), ID Repovš, Grega (Author), ID Kordeš, Urban (Author)

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Abstract
In experimental cognitive psychology, objects of inquiry are typically operationalized with psychological tasks. When interpreting results from such tasks, we focus primarily on behavioral measures such as reaction times and accuracy rather than experiences – i.e., phenomenology – associated with the task, and posit that the tasks elicit the desired cognitive phenomenon. Evaluating whether the tasks indeed elicit the desired phenomenon can be facilitated by understanding the experience during task performance. In this paper we explore the breadth of experiences that are elicited by and accompany task performance using in-depth phenomenological and qualitative methodology to gather subjective reports duing the performance of a visuo-spatial change detection task. Thirty-one participants (18 females) were asked to remember either colors, orientations or positions of the presented stimuli and recall them after a short delay. Qualitative reports revealed rich experiential landscapes associated with the task-performance, suggesting a distinction between two broad classes of experience: phenomena at the front of consciousness and background feelings. The former includes cognitive strategies and aspects of metacognition, whereas the latter include more difficult-to-detect aspects of experience that comprise the overall sense of experience (e.g., bodily feelings, emotional atmosphere, mood). We focus primarily on the background feelings, since strategies of task-performance to a large extent map onto previously identified cognitive processes and discuss the methodological implications of our findings.

Language:English
Keywords:cognitive psychology, visuospatial memory, visuo-spatial working memory, short term memory, change detection, change detection task, grounded theory, emotions, empirical phenomenology, psychological task, constructivist grounded theory, background feelings
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
PEF - Faculty of Education
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2022
Number of pages:19 str.
Numbering:Vol. 13, art. 811712
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-136956 This link opens in a new window
UDC:159.953.2
ISSN on article:1664-1078
DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.811712 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:109120003 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:26.05.2022
Views:791
Downloads:118
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Frontiers in psychology
Shortened title:Front. psychol.
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-1078
COBISS.SI-ID:519967513 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kognitivna psihologija, vidno-prostorski spomin, delovni spomin, zaznavanje sprememb, naloga prepoznave sprememb, utemeljena teorija, čustva

Projects

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P5-0126
Name:Sistemski vidiki strategij edukacije in spodbujanja socialne vključenosti v vzgoji in izobraževanju

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J3-9264
Name:Razstavljanje kognicije: mehanizmi in reprezentacije delovnega spomina

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P3-0338
Name:Fiziološki mehanizmi nevroloških motenj in bolezni

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