Comparative study of temporal changes in pigments and optical properties in sepals of Helleborus odorus and H. niger from prebloom to seed production
ID Grašič, Mateja (Author), ID Dacar, Maja (Author), ID Gaberščik, Alenka (Author)

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Helleborus niger is an evergreen species, while H. odorus is an herbaceous understorey species. They both develop flowers before the forest canopy layer closes. Their sepals remain after flowering and have multiple biological functions. To further elucidate the functions of sepals during flower development, we examined their optical and chemical properties, and the photochemical efficiency of photosystem II in the developing, flowering, and fruiting flowers. Sepals of the two species differed significantly in the contents of photosynthetic pigments and anthocyanins, but less in the UV-absorbing substances’ contents. Significant differences in photosynthetic pigment contents were also revealed within different developmental phases. The sepal potential photochemical efficiency of photosystem II was high in all developmental phases in H. odorus, whereas in H. niger, it was initially low and later increased. In the green H. odorus sepals, we obtained typical green leaf spectra with peaks in the green and NIR regions, and a low reflectance and transmittance in the UV region. On the other hand, in the white H. niger sepals in the developing and flowering phases, the response was relatively constant along the visible and NIR regions. Pigment profiles, especially chlorophylls, were shown to be important in shaping sepal optical properties, which confirms their role in light harvesting. All significant parameters together accounted for 44% and 34% of the reflectance and transmittance spectra variability, respectively. These results may contribute to the selection of Helleborus species and to a greater understanding of the ecological diversity of understorey plants in the forests.

Keywords:understorey, Helleborus niger, Helleborus odorus, spring geophyte, sepals, optical properties, photochemical efficiency
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:12 str.
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss. 1, art. 119
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-136760 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2223-7747
DOI:10.3390/plants11010119 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:91897347 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:19.05.2022
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Record is a part of a journal

Shortened title:Plants
COBISS.SI-ID:523345433 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.01.2022

Secondary language

Keywords:podrast, Helleborus odorus, spomladanski geofit, čašni listi, optične lastnosti, fotokemična učinkovitost


Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P1-0212
Name:Biologija rastlin

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Funding programme:Young researchers

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