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Water wins, communication matters : school-based intervention to reduce intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and increase intake of water
ID Kamin, Tanja (Author), ID Koroušić-Seljak, Barbara (Author), ID Fidler Mis, Nataša (Author)

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Abstract
We compared three interventions designed for reducing the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) aimed at decreasing the risk of overweight and obesity among children. We included three experimental (n = 508) and one control school (n = 164) in Slovenia (672 children; 10–16 years) to evaluate interventions that influence behaviour change via environmental (E), communication (C), or combined (i.e., double) environmental and communication approaches (EC) compared to no intervention (NOI). Data of children from the ‘intervention’ and ‘non-intervention’ schools were compared before and after the interventions. The quantity of water consumed (average, mL/day) by children increased in the C and EC schools, while it decreased in the E and NOI schools. Children in the C and EC schools consumed less beverages with sugar (SSBs + fruit juices), and sweet beverages (beverages with: sugar, low-calorie and/or noncaloric sweeteners) but consumed more juices. The awareness about the health risks of SSB consumption improved among children of the ‘combined intervention’ EC school and was significantly different from the awareness among children of other schools (p = 0.03). A communication intervention in the school environment has more potential to reduce the intake of SSBs than a sole environmental intervention, but optimum results can be obtained when combined with environmental changes.

Language:English
Keywords:health communication, childhood obesity, water, sugar-sweetened beverages, social marketing
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2022
Number of pages:12 str.
Numbering:Vol. 14, iss. 7, art. 1346
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-135671 This link opens in a new window
UDC:612.3:339.138
ISSN on article:2072-6643
DOI:10.3390/nu14071346 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:102140419 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:24.03.2022
Views:4625
Downloads:105
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Nutrients
Shortened title:Nutrients
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2072-6643
COBISS.SI-ID:2948140 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.04.2022

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:otroci, čezmerna telesna teža, uživanje pijač, socialno trženje, Slovenija

Projects

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:Slovenia, Ministry of Health

Funder:Other - Other funder or multiple funders
Funding programme:University Medical Centre Ljubljana

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P3-0395
Name:Prehrana in javno zdravje

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P2-0098
Name:Računalniške strukture in sistemi

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