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The effect of mycorrhizal inoculum and phosphorus treatment on growth and flowering of ajania (Ajania pacifica (Nakai) Bremer et Humphries) plant
ID Vošnjak, Matej (Author), ID Likar, Matevž (Author), ID Osterc, Gregor (Author)

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Abstract
The influence of mycorrhizal inoculum in combination with different phosphorus treatments on growth and flowering parameters of Ajania (Ajania pacifica (Nakai) Bremer et Humphries) plants was investigated in two growing seasons (2015 and 2016). Plants of the cultivar ‘Silver and Gold’ were transplanted into pots either with added mycorrhizal inoculum or without inoculum and assigned to four phosphorus treatments. Mycorrhizal colonization was assessed by evaluating the frequency of colonization, intensity of colonization and density of fungal structures (arbuscules, vesicles, coils and microsclerotia) in the roots. During the growing season, the content of plant available phosphorus in the soil was analyzed, and shoot length, number of shoots, number of inflorescences, number of flowers and flowering time were evaluated. Inoculated Ajania plants were successfully colonized with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and dark septate endophytic fungi. In the root segments, hyphae were mainly observed, as well as vesicles, coils, arbuscules and microsclerotia, but in lower density. The density of fungal structures did not differ among phosphorus treatments, but did differ between years, with a higher density of fungal structures in 2016. Mycorrhizal plants developed higher number of shoots in 2016, higher number of inflorescences, higher number of flowers, and they flowered longer compared to uninoculated plants.

Language:English
Keywords:arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, dark septate endophytic fungi, phosphorus, fertilization, growth, flowering, fungal colonization
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year:2021
Number of pages:12 str.
Numbering:Vol. 7, iss. 7, art. 178
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-135608 This link opens in a new window
UDC:635
ISSN on article:2311-7524
DOI:10.3390/horticulturae7070178 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:69210883 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:22.03.2022
Views:458
Downloads:85
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Horticulturae
Shortened title:Horticulturae
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2311-7524
COBISS.SI-ID:526326297 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:03.07.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Ajania pacifica, arbuskularna mikoriza, gnojenje, okrasne rastline, rast, cvetenje, glivna kolonizacija

Projects

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Funding programme:Young Researchers

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P4-0013
Name:Hortikultura

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:IO-0022-0481-001
Acronym:IC RRC-AG

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