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Modelling the material resistance of wood. Part 1, Utilizing durability test data based on different reference wood species
ID Alfredsen, Gry (Author), ID Brischke, Christian (Author), ID Marais, Brendan N. (Author), ID Stein, Robert F. A. (Author), ID Zimmer, Katrin (Author), ID Humar, Miha (Author)

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Abstract
To evaluate the performance of new wood-based products, reference wood species with known performances are included in laboratory and field trials. However, different wood species vary in their durability performance, and there will also be a within-species variation. The primary aim of this paper was to compare the material resistance against decay fungi and moisture performance of three European reference wood species, i.e., Scots pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies), and European beech (Fagus sylvatica). Wood material was collected from 43 locations all over Europe and exposed to brown rot (Rhodonia placenta), white rot (Trametes versicolor) or soft rot fungi. In addition, five different moisture performance characteristics were analyzed. The main results were the two factors accounting for the wetting ability (k$_{wa}$) and the inherent protective properties of wood (k$_{inh}$), factors for conversion between Norway spruce vs. Scots pine sapwood or European beech for the three decay types and four moisture tests, and material resistance dose (D$_{Rd}$) per wood species. The data illustrate that the differences between the three European reference wood species were minor, both with regard to decay and moisture performance. The results also highlight the importance of defined boundaries for density and annual ring width when comparing materials within and between experiments. It was concluded that with the factors obtained, existing, and future test data, where only one or two of the mentioned reference species were used, can be transferred to models and prediction tools that use another of the reference species.

Language:English
Keywords:basidiomycetes, durability, brown rot, fungal decay, moisture dynamics, soft rot, white rot
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2021
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:19 str.
Numbering:Vol. 12, iss. 5, art. 558
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-135520 This link opens in a new window
UDC:630*8
ISSN on article:1999-4907
DOI:10.3390/f12050558 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:61589251 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:17.03.2022
Views:195
Downloads:69
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Forests
Shortened title:Forests
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4907
COBISS.SI-ID:3872166 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.05.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prostotrosnice, odpornost, rjava trohnoba, razkroj, dinamika navlaževanja, mehka trohnoba, bela trohnoba

Projects

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding programme:ERA-NET, ForestValue
Acronym:CLICKdesign

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Slovenia, Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (MIZS)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Finland, Ministry of the Environment (YM)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:UK, Forestry Commissioners

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Research Council of Norway
Project number:297899

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:French National Research Agency (ANR)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Swedish Energy Agency (SWEA)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (Vinnova)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Germany, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL)

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Germany, Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR)

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding programme:H2020
Project number:773324
Name:Innovating forest-based bioeconomy
Acronym:ForestValue

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