Dietary intake of trans fatty acids in the Slovenian population
ID Zupanič, Nina (Author), ID Hribar, Maša (Author), ID Hristov, Hristo (Author), ID Lavriša, Živa (Author), ID Kušar, Anita (Author), ID Gregorič, Matej (Author), ID Blaznik, Urška (Author), ID Koroušić-Seljak, Barbara (Author), ID Golja, Petra (Author), ID Vidrih, Rajko (Author), ID Žmitek, Katja (Author), ID Pravst, Igor (Author)

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Consumption of trans fatty acids (TFAs) has been unequivocally linked to several adverse health effects, with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease being one of the most well understood. To reduce TFA-related morbidity and mortality, several countries have imposed voluntary or mandatory measures to minimize the content of industrial TFAs (iTFAs) in the food supply. In 2018, Slovenia introduced a ban on iTFAs on top of preceding voluntary calls to industry to reduce its use of partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs) as the main source of iTFAs. To investigate the consumption of TFAs, data available from the nationally representative dietary survey SI.Menu were analyzed. The survey consisted of two 24-h non-consecutive day recalls from 1248 study participants from three age groups (10–17, 18–64, 65–74 years old), combined with socio-demographic, socio-economic, and lifestyle parameters. The analyses demonstrated that, on average, TFAs accounted for 0.38–0.50% of total energy intake (TEI). However, 13% of adolescents, 29.4% of adults, and 41.8% of the elderly population still consumed more than 0.50% TEI with TFAs. The main sources of TFAs in the diet were naturally present TFAs from butter, meat dishes, and meat products, regardless of the age group. Results indicate that following the reformulation activities, the major sources of TFAs in the diets of the Slovenian population now represent foods which are natural sources of TFAs.

Keywords:trans fatty acids, partially hydrogenated oils, dietary intake, 24-h recall, EU Menu, Slovenian population
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:13 str.
Numbering:Vol. 13, iss. 1, art. 207
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-134931 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2072-6643
DOI:10.3390/nu13010207 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:49421571 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:11.02.2022
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Record is a part of a journal

Shortened title:Nutrients
COBISS.SI-ID:2948140 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:12.01.2021

Secondary language

Keywords:transmaščobne kisline, prehrana, prehranski vnos, Slovenija


Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:L3-7538
Name:Trans maščobe v živilih in njihov populacijski vnos - implikacije za javno zdravje

Funder:Drugi - Drug financer ali več financerjev
Funding programme:Republic of Slovenia, Ministry of Health

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P3-0395
Name:Prehrana in javno zdravje

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