Thermodynamic behavior of Fe-Mn and Fe-Mn-Ag powder mixtures during selective laser melting
ID Kraner, Jakob (Author), ID Medved, Jože (Author), ID Godec, Matjaž (Author), ID Paulin, Irena (Author)

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Additive manufacturing is a form of powder metallurgy, which means the properties of the initial metal powders (chemical composition, powder morphology and size) impact the final properties of the resulting parts. A complete characterization, including thermodynamic effects and the behavior of the metal powders at elevated temperatures, is crucial when planning the manufacturing process. The analysis of the Fe-Mn and Fe-Mn-Ag powder mixtures, made from pure elemental powders, shows a high susceptibility to sintering in the temperature interval from 700 to 1000 °C. Here, numerous changes to the manganese oxides and the αMn to βMn transformation occurred. The problems of mechanically mixed powders, when using selective laser melting, were highlighted by the low flowability, which led to a less controllable process, an uncontrolled arrangement of the powder and a large percentage of burnt manganese. All this was determined from the altered chemical compositions of the produced parts. The impact of the increased manganese content on the decreased probability of the transformation from γ-austenite to ε-martensite was confirmed. The ε-martensite in the microstructure increased the hardness of the material, but at the same time, its magnetic properties reduce the usefulness for medical applications. However, the produced parts had comparable elongations to human bone.

Keywords:FeMn alloys, powder metallurgy, differential scanning calorimetry, selective laser melting, ε-martensite
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Number of pages:11 str.
Numbering:Vol. 11, iss. 2, art. 234
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-134900 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:2075-4701
DOI:10.3390/met11020234 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:49402627 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:10.02.2022
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Shortened title:Metals
Publisher:MDPI AG
COBISS.SI-ID:15976214 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:01.02.2021


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J2-1729
Name:Nova biorazgradljiva Fe-Mn zlitina izdelana s konvencionalnim postopkom in s postopkom dodajnih tehnologij s prilagojeno biorazgradljivostjo

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P2-0132
Name:Fizika in kemija površin kovinskih materialov

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